Every transaction of a firm is recorded in two different accounts. This relates to double entry bookkeeping. That means dual aspects concept tells every transaction affects the business in at least two aspects which are equal and opposite in nature.
In a single entry system, only one side of transaction are made. For example, if a sale is made to the customer only sale revenue is recorded, other side is not recorded (receipt/credit to the customer is not recorded). But, in double entry, both sale revenue and receipt/credit to the customer are recorded.
Accounting equation −assets = liabilities + Equity
Auditors will accept dual aspect concept. If a firm want its finance to be audited, the auditors will give their opinions on firm financial statements. This will happen, only if the firm must accept dual aspect concept and maintain its accounting records using double entry.
If a person owns and operates a store, he has recorded his monthly transactions as follows −
1) Payment of salary to staff 2500 2) Sales of goods on cash 4800 3) Sales of goods on credit 8000 4) Receipts from credit customers 5600 5) Purchases of goods for cash 13000 6) Utility expenses – unpaid 1500
The above transactions are recorded as follows in double entry system −
|Account title||Effect||Debit (Rs)||Credit (Rs)|
|Salary expenses Cash at bank||Increase in expense Decrease in assets||2500||2500|
|Cash in hand Sales revenue||Increases in assets Increases in income||4800||4800|
|Receivables Sales revenue||Increase in assets Decrease in income||8000||8000|
|Cash at bank Receivables||Increase in asset Decrease in asset||5600||5600|
|Purchases Cash at bank||Increase in expenses Decrease in assets||13000||13000|
|Utility expenses Accrued expenses||Increase in expenses Decrease in asset||1500||1500|