# What are the methods available for handling static dropdowns in a page in Selenium with python?

Selenium Web DriverAutomation TestingSoftware Testing

There are multiple methods available for handling static dropdowns in a page in Selenium. The static dropdowns are an integral part of a web page. This type of UI elements are mostly developed for birthday or age selection on a page.

A dropdown is not an element alone. It is a group of elements. For example for selection of birth date, we have multiple options to be selected for day, month and the year. Thus the approach is to first get the primary element and then move to its sub elements for selection.

Select class is provided by the Selenium API which works with the static dropdown on the page. We need to import selenium.webdriver.support.select.Select to work with the static dropdowns having the select tags in the html code.

## Syntax

Select(driver.find_element_by_tag_name("select"))

The methods under the Select class are listed below −

• select_by_visible_text(args) − Selection with the help of text displayed as option.

This method is the simplest one which selects the option based on the visible text. NoSuchElementException thrown if there is no option which matches with the text given in the argument.

Syntax

d = Select(driver.find_element_by_id("selection"))
d.select_by_visible_text('Tutorialspoint')
• select_by_index(args) − Selection with the help of index of option.

This method selects the option based on the index of the specific option. The index of the elements mostly start with 0. NoSuchElementException thrown if there is no index which matches with the index given in the argument.

Syntax

d = Select(driver.find_element_by_id("selection"))
d.select_by_index(1)
• select_by_value(args) − Selection with the help of value of option.

This method selects the option based on the value of the specific option. NoSuchElementException thrown if there is no value which matches with the value given in the argument.

Syntax

d = Select(driver.find_element_by_id("selection"))
d.select_by_value('Selenium')
• deselect_by_value(args) − Deselection with the help of value of option.

This method deselects the option based on the value of the specific option. NoSuchElementException thrown if there is no value which matches with the value given in the argument.

Syntax

d = Select(driver.find_element_by_id("selection"))
d.deselect_by_value('Selenium')
• deselect_by_index(args) − Deselection with the help of index of option.

This method deselects the option based on the index of the specific option. The index of the elements mostly start with 0. NoSuchElementException thrown if there is no index which matches with the index given in the argument.

Syntax

d = Select(driver.find_element_by_id("selection"))
d.deselect_by_index(1)
• deselect_by_visible_text(args)  − Deselection with the help of text displayed of option.

This method is the simplest one which deselects the option based on the visible text. NoSuchElementException thrown if there is no option which matches with the text given in the argument.

Syntax

d = Select(driver.find_element_by_id("selection"))
d.deselect_by_visible_text('Tutorialspoint')
• deselect_all()  − Deselection of all selected options.

This method is applicable where more than one selection of options can be done. It removes all the options selected from the dropdown. NotImplementedError thrown if it is not possible to select multiple options from the dropdown.

Syntax

d = Select(driver.find_element_by_id("selection"))
d.deselect_all()
• all_selected_options() − List of all selected options.

This method is applicable where more than one selection of options can be done. It returns the list of options selected under the select tag.

Syntax

d = Select(driver.find_element_by_id("selection"))
o = d.all_selected_options()
• first_selected_option()  − Returns the first selected option.

This method returns the currently selected option in a dropdown. It is also applicable to multiple select dropdowns where it will return the first selected option in the dropdown.

Syntax

d = Select(driver.find_element_by_id("selection"))
o = d.first_selected_option()
• options() − List of all options. It returns the list of all options under the select tag.

Syntax

d = Select(driver.find_element_by_id("selection"))
o = d.options()
Published on 29-Jul-2020 11:34:54