What are the characteristics of Internet of Things(IoT)

IoT connects devices, helps in collecting data from various sources, exchanges data, analyses the information from sensors and multiple devices, and gives perfect results in a short period.

With the help of IoT, we can handle outdoor things, household work, and gadgets. Using it, you can control your ACs or any other electrical appliances. It has spread worldwide because of its low cost and rapid growth and productivity.

The Internet of things is beneficial technology that has not only made the world advanced and updated but has also reduced laborious work. But how does it work?

The important thing is the data. Once collected from different sources, the data can be easily exchanged through the network and connection established. The connection is established through mobiles or any other connected device via the Internet and wireless connections.

But what makes this IoT so popular globally? For this, let's study the characteristics of IoT.

10 Must-Know Characteristics of IoT

1. Connectivity

Connectivity is an essential feature of IoT. IoT lets you connect mobile phones, laptops, and other internet devices. Any person can get information about anything at any time and place.

IoT can connect through several wireless devices, like sensors, mobile phones, trackers, etc. This way, the person will not have to wait for an internet connection to operate a device.

2. Identity of Things

The collaboration of name and number gives an identity to an internet device. Giving an identity to the device is an essential aspect of loT. Identity helps to differentiate between various internet devices and select the device we want to send the command.

Every device needs a different controlling power based on the type of data provided. It is essential to give a unique identity to every device so that we can set up passwords or other security means. For example, fingerprints, face recognition IP addresses, and Face lock systems are several means of security given to the different identified devices to protect them.

3. Intelligence

The intelligence of IoT devices depends on the sensors' intelligence. The sensors send the data to the user for further analysis.

We need to update the IoT devices regularly to get the smart work done. It adds to their features and makes them smarter.

4. Dynamic

We need to create IoT devices in a way that they can adapt to the environment. For example, an AC should have a sensor that can send a signal to the cloud and adjust it to the premises of the place. Similarly, the camera can easily click photographs by adjusting to light situations, like day and night.

5. Scalability

Scalability means the amount of data one can handle efficiently. The IoT has created a setup to handle enormous data and generate useful analysis.

6. Self Upgradation

As we saw above, updating the software regularly is important. But who has the time to remember to do that? Thus, with its artificial intelligence, IoT upgrades itself without human help. It also allows the set up of a network for the addition of any new IoT devices. Thus, the technology can quickly start working without delay if the setup has already been done.

7. Architecture

The architecture of IoT is designed in a way that it is capable of supporting various devices, technologies, and protocols. Its main work is to confirm whether each connected device does not interfere with the other. This way, the safety and security of each device's data are maintained.

8. Security

With the increasing number of IoT devices, issues regarding the security of personal data have arisen. There might be a chance of data leakage as a large amount of data is collected, exchanged, and generated. There is a chance of personal data being transferred without approval, which is a matter of concern.

To overcome this challenge, IoT has created networks, systems, and devices wherein privacy is well maintained. Maintaining safety and security is a big dare for IoT. However, it still handles it without any disruption.

9. Network

With the increasing number of IoT devices in a network, it becomes difficult to maintain communication for proper functioning. However, cloud service and gateway are a few methods that can solve such problems.

Often, one device can use the connectivity of another device to establish network connectivity even if the second device is not connected to a network. Because IoT devices can communicate with one another, it is more effective and adaptable than other current technologies.

10. Data

The data gathered from IoT devices are analyzed for future prediction. For example, a calorie meter. It helps to regulate the number of calories each day. We also have fitness data, thermostats, and various devices that monitor our health. Therefore, we can use the data collected through these devices.


We saw above that IoT has too many characteristics beneficial for human use. Each of these characteristics is responsible for the increasing demand for IoT devices.

In the present world, people from all categories have wholeheartedly welcomed these devices and are urging for more. Because we are so occupied working every day, we want machines to share our workload. Undoubtedly, these machines or devices help us do that conveniently. Thus, the demand for it is also increasing, and less tech-savvy people are learning to operate these devices to make their lives easy.

We should have more devices to help us with daily work and ease our lifestyle.

Updated on: 12-Sep-2023

32K+ Views

Kickstart Your Career

Get certified by completing the course

Get Started