What are Different Roles in Agile?

The primary goal of the Agile software development life cycle is to build a scalable system that meets customer demands and expectations, contributes positively to the present and future IT infrastructure, and is feasible to maintain and improve.

What is Agile Team

A team which is a cross-functional group of people that are assembled to work collectively in order to convey the product increment is called an Agile team. This team is much quicker and more flexible than conventional project groups. The main aim of this team is to get the final product in a minimum period of time with less risk.

Agile teams are structured in a way that makes them more flexible and adaptive to change. The ideas of self-organization and bridge collaboration are the foundation of this system.

In order to bring about Agile, this report analyses the roles and responsibilities inside the Scrum methodology. Some notable distinctions between Agile exercises for team building include −

  • The creation of multidimensional teams with cross-functional knowledge

  • Domain experts having a comprehensive understanding and perspective on the business elements related to their job areas

  • stable team architectures that may continuously iterate and enhance the SDLC operations.

There are various jobs that are crucial to the success of every Agile team's project. Below is a list of each role in the Agile team.

  • Product Owner

  • Scrum Master

  • Development Team Members

  • Stakeholders

Depending on the kind and scale of the group, each role's significance changes. For example, teams with more than nine often need a Scrum Master, whereas an Entire Product may not be required at all.

Product Owner

Product Owner set the path for product development or project advancement is the primary responsibility of the role.

The Product Owner is cognizant of the project's requirements from the standpoint of the project's stakeholders and possesses the soft skills needed to explain the requirements to the product development team. The project is aligned with the needs and expectations of all stakeholders by the product owner, who also understands the long-term corporate goal. Throughout the project cycle, appropriate next-best action plans are created for the development taking into account terminal feedback.

The backlog is evaluated by product owners, who also oversee the product plan. The product vision must be defined, stakeholders must be managed, and ROI must be optimized. A product owner is a person with the power to decide how to order the product backlog. They are in charge of ensuring the team is working on the appropriate things.

The Product Owner should be able to communicate with stakeholders about what is being built, comprehend what needs to be built, and have a thorough understanding of it. They should also schedule work for the team.

Team Lead & Scrum Master

The Team Lead and Scrum Master oversees communication and teamwork and fosters each team member's participation to the project's advancement. The Scrum Master implements the Product Owner's directions and makes sure that the tasks are carried out as instructed.

Since they offer direction and leadership to the team, the team leader is crucial to Agile. They are in charge of ensuring that the group collaborates to accomplish its objectives. While frequently being a team member, the team leader does not participate in team activities. Their responsibility is to assist and ensure that everything happens according to plan. The team leader must always be accessible to respond to any queries that may come up during a meeting, but they are not allowed to take part in any other activities.

The position can entail −

  • Managing everyday Scrum and Sprint projects.

  • Sharing information with team members about changing requirements and planning.

  • Result-oriented coaching for team members.

  • managing administrative work such scheduling meetings, fostering teamwork, and eliminating roadblocks that hinder project progress defending team members from outside influences and diversions.

The key responsibilities of a Scrum Master are to follow an empirical method to determine the most effective strategy for product development and to be transparent with the Scrum Team.

And a Team Lead mostly supervises a development team, understands the concerns of the development teams and leads a team of development people.

Development Team Members

A team of professionals tasked with creating a product is known as a development team. They can be using agile methodologies like Scrum and Kanban as a result of the environment in which they work becoming agile. It is the responsibility of a development team members to gradually incorporate requirements into a product, frequently in sprints or iterations. They are in charge of making certain that the product is delivered and meets the customer's needs.

One or more members of the design team may have the necessary skills −

  • Product Designer

  • Writer

  • Programmer

  • Tester

  • UX Expert

The members of the team should have soft skills that allow them to self-organize and complete their tasks in in addition to technical talents that aid in product design. This indicates that the crew is qualified and empowered to make repairs when a problem occurs.

One of the Development Team's main duties is to execute work sprints in accordance with the requirements set by the Product Owner and supervised by the Scrum Master. To update peers and the scrum team on the status of a project, a regular stand-up meeting known as the Daily Scrum is held. By doing this, the Development Team can ensure transparency and incorporate changes as needed in subsequent sprints based on feedback from the Product Owner.

Stake Holders

Despite they may not be directly participating inside the product development process, the term "stakeholder" is used to reference to a number of important roles that have an impact on the decisions and activities of the Scrum team. Stakeholders include −

  • The last user of the product

  • Managers of companies

  • Production personnel

  • Venture capitalists

Public feedback is essential for guiding the project's development in diverse ways to match product development with company goals, end-user expectations, and issues facing a Scrum Development Team.

In closing, it is important to view the roles in the Scrum framework and the Agile method from the perspective of responsibilities. These positions should not be viewed as job titles because they do not reflect them. The existing team members that have been given the tasks to follow project management activities and technical issues in compliance with Agile principles should share the Scrum responsibilities.