Watir - Cookies


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In this chapter, we will learn how to work with cookies using Watir.

A simple example that will fetch the cookies for a URL given is discussed here.

Syntax to fetch cookies

browser.cookies.to_a

Example

require 'watir'

b = Watir::Browser.new :chrome
b.goto 'https://www.tutorialspoint.com'
puts b.cookies.to_a

Output

{:name=>"_gat_gtag_UA_232293_6", :value=>"1", :path=>"/", 
:domain=>".tutorialspoint.com", :expires=>2019-05-03 08:33:58 +0000, 
:secure=>false}

{:name=>"_gid", :value=> "GA1.2.282573155.1556872379", :path=>"/", 
:domain=>".tutorialspoint.com", :expires=>2019-05-04 08:32:57 +0000, 
:secure=>false}

{:name=>"_ga", :value=>"GA1.2.2087825339.1556872379", :path=>"/", 
:domain=>".tutorialspoint.com", :expires=>
2021-05-02 08:32:57 +0000, :secure=>false}

Now let us add cookies as shown below −

Syntax to add cookies

browser.cookies.add 'cookiename', 'cookievalue', path: '/', expires: 
(Time.now + 10000), secure: true

Example

require 'watir'
b = Watir::Browser.new :chrome
b.goto 'https://www.tutorialspoint.com'
puts b.cookies.to_a
b.cookies.add 'cookie1', 'testing_cookie', path: '/', expires: 
(Time.now + 10000), secure: true
puts b.cookies.to_a

Output Before Adding cookie

{:name=>"_gat_gtag_UA_232293_6", :value=>"1", :path=>"/", 
:domain=>".tutorialspoint.com", :expires=>2019-05-03 08:44:23 +0000, 
:secure=>false}

{:name=>"_gid", :value=>"GA1.2.1541488984.1556873004", 
:path=>"/", :domain=>".tutorialspoint.com", 
:expires=>2019-05-04 08:43:24 +0000, :secure=>false}

{:name=>"_ga", :value=>"GA1.2.1236163943.1556873004", 
:path=>"/", :domain=>".tutorialspoint.com", 
:expires=>2021-05-02 08:43:24 +0000, :secure=>false}

Output After adding cookie

{:name=>"_gat_gtag_UA_232293_6", :value=>"1", :path=>"/", 
:domain=>".tutorialspoint.com", :expires=>2019-05-03 08:44:23 +0000, 
:secure=>false}

{:name=>"_gid", :value=>"GA1.2.1541488984.1556873004", 
:path=>"/", :domain=>".tutorialspoint.com", 
:expires=>2019-05-04 08:43:24 +0000, :secure=>false}

{:name=>"_ga", :value=>"GA1.2.1236163943.1556873004", 
:path=>"/", :domain=>".tutorialspoint.com", 
:expires=>2021-05-02 08:43:24 +0000, :secure=>false}

{:name=>"cookie1", :value=>"testing_cookie", :path=>"/", 
:domain=>"www.tutorialspoint.com", :expires=>2039-04-28 08:43:35 +0000, 
:secure=>true}

Note that the last one is the one we added using watir.

Clear Cookies

Syntax

browser.cookies.clear

Example

require 'watir'

b = Watir::Browser.new :chrome
b.goto 'https://www.tutorialspoint.com'
puts b.cookies.to_a
b.cookies.clear
puts b.cookies.to_a

Output

{:name=>"_gat_gtag_UA_232293_6", :value=>"1", :path=>"/", 
:domain=>".tutorialspoint.com", :expires=>2019-05-03 08:48:29 +0000, 
:secure=>false}

{:name=>"_gid", :value=>"GA1.2.1264249563.1556873251", 
:path=>"/", :domain=>".tutorialspoint.com", 
:expires=>2019-05-04 08:47:30 +0000, :secure=>false}

{:name=>"_ga", :value=>"GA1.2.1001488637.1556873251", 
:path=>"/", :domain=>".tutorialspoint.com", 
:expires=>2021-05-02 08:47:30 +0000, :secure=>false

Empty response ie a blank line will get printed after cookie.clear is called.

Delete a particular cookie

Syntax

browser.cookies.delete 'nameofthecookie'

Example

require 'watir'
b = Watir::Browser.new :chrome
b.goto 'https://www.tutorialspoint.com'
puts b.cookies.to_a
puts b.cookies.delete "_ga"
puts b.cookies.to_a

Output

All cookies:
{:name=>"_gat_gtag_UA_232293_6", :value=>"1", :path=>"/", 
:domain=>".tutorialspoint.com", :expires=>2019-05-03 08:52:38 +0000, 
:secure=>false}

{:name=>"_gid", :value=>"GA1.2.1385195240.1556873499", 
:path=>"/", :domain=>".tutorialspoint.com", 
:expires=>2019-05-04 08:51:37 +0000, :secure=>false}

{:name=>"_ga", :value=>"GA1.2.1383421835.1556873499", 
:path=>"/", :domain=>".tutorialspoint.com", 
:expires=>2021-05-02 08:51:37 +0000, :secure=>false}

After delete cookie with name _ga
{:name=>"_gat_gtag_UA_232293_6", 
:value=>"1", :path=>"/", :domain=>".tutorialspoint.com", 
:expires=>2019-05-03 08:52:38 +0000, :secure=>false}

{:name=>"_gid", :value=>"GA1.2.1385195240.1556873499", 
:path=>"/", :domain=>".tutorialspoint.com", 
:expires=>2019-05-04 08:51:37 +0000, :secure=>false}
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