VHDL Programming Combinational Circuits


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This chapter explains the VHDL programming for Combinational Circuits.

VHDL Code for a Half-Adder

VHDL Code:
  
Library ieee; 
use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;
  
entity half_adder is
   port(a,b:in bit; sum,carry:out bit); 
end half_adder; 
 
architecture data of half_adder is
begin
   sum<= a xor b;  
   carry <= a and b;  
end data; 

Waveforms

Half-Adder

VHDL Code for a Full Adder

Library ieee; 
use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;
 
entity full_adder is port(a,b,c:in bit; sum,carry:out bit); 
end full_adder;
  
architecture data of full_adder is
begin
   sum<= a xor b xor c; 
   carry <= ((a and b) or (b and c) or (a and c)); 
end data;

Waveforms

Full Adder

VHDL Code for a Half-Subtractor

Library ieee;
use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;
  
entity half_sub is
   port(a,c:in bit; d,b:out bit);
end half_sub;  

architecture data of half_sub is
begin
   d<= a xor c;
   b<= (a and (not c));
end data;

Waveforms

Half-Subtractor

VHDL Code for a Full Subtractor

Library ieee; 
use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;
  
entity full_sub is
   port(a,b,c:in bit; sub,borrow:out bit); 
end full_sub; 
 
architecture data of full_sub is
begin
   sub<= a xor b xor c; 
   borrow <= ((b xor c) and (not a)) or (b and c); 
end data; 

Waveforms

Full Subtractor

VHDL Code for a Multiplexer

Library ieee; 
use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;
  
entity mux is
   port(S1,S0,D0,D1,D2,D3:in bit; Y:out bit);
end mux;
  
architecture data of mux is
begin 
   Y<= (not S0 and not S1 and D0) or 
      (S0 and not S1 and D1) or 
      (not S0 and S1 and D2) or
      (S0 and S1 and D3); 
end data;

Waveforms

Multiplexer

VHDL Code for a Demultiplexer

Library ieee; 
use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;
  
entity demux is
   port(S1,S0,D:in bit; Y0,Y1,Y2,Y3:out bit); 
end demux;
  
architecture data of demux is
begin 
   Y0<=  ((Not S0) and (Not S1) and D); 
   Y1<=  ((Not S0) and S1 and D); 
   Y2<=  (S0 and (Not S1) and D); 
   Y3<=  (S0 and S1 and D); 
end data;

Waveforms

Demultiplexer

VHDL Code for a 8 x 3 Encoder

library ieee; 
use ieee.std_logic_1164.all; 
 
entity enc is
   port(i0,i1,i2,i3,i4,i5,i6,i7:in bit; o0,o1,o2: out bit); 
end enc; 
 
architecture vcgandhi of enc is
begin 
   o0<=i4 or i5 or i6 or i7; 
   o1<=i2 or i3 or i6 or i7; 
   o2<=i1 or i3 or i5 or i7; 
end vcgandhi;

Waveforms

Encoder

VHDL Code for a 3 x 8 Decoder

library ieee; 
use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;

entity dec is
   port(i0,i1,i2:in bit; o0,o1,o2,o3,o4,o5,o6,o7: out bit); 
end dec; 
 
architecture vcgandhi of dec is
begin 
   o0<=(not i0) and (not i1) and (not i2); 
   o1<=(not i0) and (not i1) and i2; 
   o2<=(not i0) and i1 and (not i2); 
   o3<=(not i0) and i1 and i2; 
   o4<=i0 and (not i1) and (not i2); 
   o5<=i0 and (not i1) and i2; 
   o6<=i0 and i1 and (not i2); 
   o7<=i0 and i1 and i2; 
end vcgandhi;

Waveforms

Decoder

VHDL Code – 4 bit Parallel adder

library IEEE; 
use IEEE.STD_LOGIC_1164.all;
  
entity pa is
   port(a : in STD_LOGIC_VECTOR(3 downto 0);
      b : in STD_LOGIC_VECTOR(3 downto 0);
      ca : out STD_LOGIC;
      sum : out STD_LOGIC_VECTOR(3 downto 0) 
   ); 
end pa; 
 
architecture vcgandhi of pa is
   Component fa is
      port (a : in STD_LOGIC; 
         b : in STD_LOGIC; 
         c : in STD_LOGIC; 
         sum : out STD_LOGIC; 
         ca : out STD_LOGIC
      ); 
   end component;         
   signal s : std_logic_vector (2 downto 0); 
   signal temp: std_logic;
begin 
   temp<='0'; 
   u0 : fa port map (a(0),b(0),temp,sum(0),s(0)); 
   u1 : fa port map (a(1),b(1),s(0),sum(1),s(1)); 
   u2 : fa port map (a(2),b(2),s(1),sum(2),s(2));
   ue : fa port map (a(3),b(3),s(2),sum(3),ca);  
end vcgandhi;

Waveforms

Parallel adder

VHDL Code – 4 bit Parity Checker

library ieee; 
use ieee.std_logic_1164.all; 
 
entity parity_checker is 
   port (a0,a1,a2,a3 : in std_logic; 
      p : out std_logic); 
end parity_checker;  

architecture vcgandhi of parity_checker is 
begin    
   p <= (((a0 xor a1) xor a2) xor a3); 
end vcgandhi;

Waveforms

Parity Checker

VHDL Code – 4 bit Parity Generator

library ieee;
use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;

entity paritygen is
   port (a0, a1, a2, a3: in std_logic; p_odd, p_even: out std_logic);
end paritygen;  

architecture vcgandhi of paritygen is
begin
   process (a0, a1, a2, a3)
   
   if (a0 ='0' and a1 ='0' and a2 ='0' and a3 =’0’)
      then odd_out <= "0";
      even_out <= "0";
   else
      p_odd <= (((a0 xor a1) xor a2) xor a3);
      p_even <= not(((a0 xor a1) xor a2) xor a3);  
end vcgandhi

Waveforms

Parity Generator

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