Types of Computer Network

What is a Computer Network?

A computer organization alludes to a collection of interconnected gadgets, such as computers, servers, switches, switches, and other organized devices, that are connected to empower communication and information exchange. It permits sharing of assets, data, and administrations between associated gadgets.

Importance of Computer Network

Parameter Description
Facilitates communication Computer systems empower proficient and fast communication among people and organizations, permitting data trade and collaboration.
Resource sharing Systems empower the sharing of equipment gadgets (e.g., printers, scanners) and program applications, decreasing costs and expanding efficiency.
Data exchange Systems encourage the interaction of information, records, and media between associated gadgets, making it simple to get to and share information.
Internet network Systems give to the Web, permitting clients to browse websites, send emails, and get to online administrations.

Sorts of Computer Networks

Local Area Network (LAN)

Definition and Characteristics

A LAN could be an arrangement that interfaces gadgets inside a restricted geographic zone, such as a domestic, office, or campus.

It ordinarily employments Ethernet innovation and works at tall information exchange rates.

LANs are commonly utilized for sharing assets like printers, records, and applications among associated devices.

Examples of LANs

  • Office LAN − A organized inside an office building where computers and gadgets are associated with sharing assets and collaborating.

  • Home LAN − A arrangement that interfaces gadgets inside a domestic, empowering record sharing, web get-to, and shrewd domestic integration.


  • Fast information exchange rates inside the LAN.

  • Resource sharing and collaboration.

  • Cost-effective execution inside a constrained area.


  • Limited geographic coverage.

  • Higher execution and upkeep costs compared to littler networks.

  • Dependency on a physical foundation like cables.

Wide Area Network (WAN)

Definition and Characteristics

Faded ranges are expansive geological regions, interfacing numerous LANs and other systems over cities, nations, or continents.

WANs utilize different innovations, counting rented lines, satellites, and open or private broadcast communications infrastructure.

They give long-distance communication and network between diverse locations.

Examples of WANs

  • Internet − The worldwide arrangement that interfaces millions of computers and systems worldwide.

  • Enterprise Pale − Systems interfacing different department workplaces or areas of an organization.

Advantages and Confinements of WANs

Advantages −

  • Wide scope zone, permitting communication between topographically removed locations.

  • Scalability to suit a vast number of devices and users.

  • Access to web assets and services.

Limitations −

  • Higher usage and support costs.

  • Slower information exchange rates compared to LANs.

  • Reliance on outside benefit suppliers for connectivity.

Metropolitan Area Network (MAN)

Definition and Characteristics

A MAN covers a more significant geographic region than a LAN but littler than a Faded, regularly crossing a city or metropolitan area.

It interfaces numerous LANs and other systems to supply communication and information trade inside the metropolitan region.

MANs regularly utilize fibre optic or remote technologies.

Examples of MANs

  • Cable TV organizes A organization that gives cable tv administrations and may offer a web network inside a city.

  • City-wide Wi-Fi organizes A wireless network that covers a whole city or a critical portion of it.


  • Extends network over a more extensive zone, empowering communication between diverse organizations and locations.

  • High-speed information exchange inside the metropolitan region.


  • Higher usage costs compared to LANs.

  • Limited scope range compared to WANs.

  • It may require coordination with nearby specialists for framework deployment.

Wireless Networks

Definition and Characteristics

Wireless systems utilize remote communication innovations to associate gadgets without requiring physical cables.

They utilize radio waves, infrared, or microwave signals for information transmission.

Wireless systems are adaptable and give portability, permitting gadgets to associate and communicate wirelessly.

Types of Remote Networks

  • Wi-Fi (Remote Devotion) − Remote organize innovation is commonly used for nearby zone organizing, giving web access to a restricted area.

  • Bluetooth − Short-range remote innovation for interfacing gadgets like smartphones, portable workstations, and peripherals.

  • Cellular Systems − Remote systems given by cellular benefit suppliers, empowering portable communication and web access.

Advantages and Restrictions of Remote Networks

Advantages −

  • Mobility and adaptability of gadget connectivity.

  • Easy establishment and scalability.

  • Reduced requirement for physical infrastructure.

Limitations −

  • Signal impedances and constrained range.

  • Lower data exchange rates compared to wired networks.

  • Security vulnerabilities.

Personal Area Network (PAN)

Definition and Characteristics

A Container is the littlest sort of organizing, ordinarily covering an individual's workspace or prompt vicinity.

It interfaces individual gadgets like smartphones, portable workstations, tablets, and peripherals.

PANs frequently utilize remote advances like Bluetooth.

Examples of PANs

  • I am connecting a smartphone to a smartwatch or remote headphones.

  • Wireless association between a tablet and a remote mouse.

Advantages and Confinements of PANs

Advantages −

  • Enables gadget network inside an individual workspace.

  • Supports consistent communication and information exchange between individual devices.

  • Easy setup and configuration.

Limitations −

  • Limited scope area.

  • Lower information exchange rates compared to more extensive networks.

  • Dependency on remote technologies.

These are a few critical types of computer systems, each serving particular purposes and covering distinctive zones, from individual workspaces to large-scale geological districts.

Future of Computer Networks

In the long run, computer systems hold the guarantee of blazing-fast speeds and enormous transfer speed, empowering quick information exchange and supporting rising innovations like virtual reality, expanded reality, and manufactured intelligence.

  • Integrating Web of Things (IoT) gadgets will make an exceedingly interconnected arranged scene, requiring vigorous and adaptable systems to handle the tremendous sum of information produced by billions of associated devices.

  • Network security will become a significant centre, with progressed encryption, risk discovery frameworks, and AI-driven security analytics playing a crucial part in defending systems from advancing cyber threats.

  • The future of computer systems will be driven by advances such as 5G, edge computing, cloud organizing, and quantum organizing, making a profoundly associated, secure, and cleverly organized framework to back the progressive change of businesses and social orders.


In conclusion, the world of computer systems includes various sorts, each serving particular purposes and catering to diverse scales and needs. From LANs encouraging asset sharing inside a restricted range to WANs interfacing geologically removed areas, these systems have revolutionized communication and data trade. The rise of remote systems, Individual Range Systems (Dish), and Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) advance extends network choices. Understanding and utilizing the different computer systems engage people and organizations in effective and secure communication, clearing the way for future mechanical progressions.

Updated on: 09-Oct-2023


Kickstart Your Career

Get certified by completing the course

Get Started