The first term of an AP is 5, the last term is 45 and the sum is 400. Find the number of terms and the common difference.

AcademicMathematicsNCERTClass 10

Given:

The first term of an A.P. is 5, the last term is 45 and the sum is 400.

To do:

We have to find the number of terms and the common difference of the A.P. 

Solution:

Let the number of terms of the given A.P. be $n$, first term be $a$ and the common differnce be $d$.

First term $a=5$

Last term $l= 45$

Sum of all the terms $S_{n} =400$

We know that,

Sum of the $n$ terms$ S_{n} =\frac{n}{2}( a+l)$

$\Rightarrow 400=\frac{n}{2}( 5+45)$

$\Rightarrow 400=n(25)$

$\Rightarrow n=\frac{400}{25} =16$

Also,

$l=a+( n-1) d$

Therefore,

On subtituting the values of $a$, $l$ and $n$, we get,

$45=5+( 16-1) d$

$\Rightarrow 15d=45-5=40$

$\Rightarrow d=\frac{40}{15}=\frac{8}{3}$

Hence, the number of terms is $16$ and the common difference of the given A.P. is $\frac{8}{3}$.   

raja
Updated on 10-Oct-2022 13:20:30

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