Risk Management Cycle: Process and Framework

Let's look at how risk management actually works along with understanding properly what it is. We'll also explore how to identify, assess and respond to project risks.

What is Risk Management?

The Risk Management Process is a process for understanding what risks and opportunities your project or organization faces and how best to address them.

Steps to Minimize Risk

  • Identifying risk

  • Assessing risks

  • Treating risks

  • Monitoring and reporting risks

Identifying Risks

Ensuring that a project’s objectives are met is the ultimate goal. To do this, it is important to identify all of the events that can affect it −

  • The financial trajectory of the project

  • Milestones of project

  • Scopes of project

When risks are identified and captured in the risk register, it sometimes makes sense to list them separately. Risk registers can have multiple levels of detail and complexity, which is why we sometimes list risks in their matrix.

Risk is characterized by five points− description, causes and consequences, qualitative assessment, quantitative assessment, and a mitigation plan. The person responsible for acting is central to determining whether or not a risk is valid. All three of these characteristics must be present to qualify as a risk.

To manage risks and opportunities effectively, they must be precise. The title must be succinct, self−explanatory, and clearly defined.

Who is responsible for identifying risks? Risk Managers are responsible for ensuring that everyone in the Risk and Opportunity has identified their risks and has the plan to deal with them. Good resources to use for identifying R&O −

  • Existing documentation analysis

  • Interviews with all the experts

  • Brainstorming meetings

  • It is often difficult to troubleshoot problems as they happened using standard methodologies such as Failure Modes, Effects, and Criticality Analysis (FMECA). Cause trees can help you see the underlying causes of your issues.

  • Looking at lessons learned from previous engagements in R&Os

  • You'll want to use pre−established checklists and questionnaires covering the different areas of the project to help you make decisions. These can take the form of Risk Breakdown Structures or RBS.

Assessing Risks

Qualitative and quantitative are two types of risks. Qualitative assessments determine the level of sensitivity based on an event's probability and intensity. A quantitative assessment determines the financial impact or benefit of a particular event. Both are necessary for a complete evaluation of risks and opportunities.

Qualitative assessments

The Risk Owner and Risk Manager will employ the project's criticality scales to rank and prioritize risks and opportunities. These scales will help categorize each risk or opportunity by its occurrence probability and impact severity.

Assessing the occurrence probability

The likelihood of making the deadline is based on various things that vary from project to project and is typically rated on a scale of 1−99.

For example, suppose it is 50% likely that− "supplier X will be incapable of conducting studies on modification Y by the end of 2025." Feedback and analysis can tell you this.

Quantitative assessments

Quantitative risk assessments are the best way to measure financial risk. The financial sector deals with numbers − money, numbers, interest rates, or any other data point that is critical for risk. Quantitative risk assessments are easier to automate and generally more objective than qualitative ones.

Treating Risks

To address the risks and maximize success, you need to connect with experts from different fields. If it's a manual process, this means always maintaining open communication with the stakeholders of that field. The challenge is that the discussion will take place in a manual environment across many other documents, emails, and phone calls. A risk management solution increases efficiency by sending notifications straight to all stakeholders. All parties can then participate in discussions within the system, which speeds up progress and keeps upper management updated on what's happening. With everyone getting updates from within the system, all stakeholders can focus more time on their work while minimizing time spent tracking down information.

Monitoring and Reviewing Risks

There are always a few risks that exist in every business. Environmental and market risks, for example, can't be eliminated, but they can be monitored. Manual systems rely on diligent managers to monitor these areas, but this is a time−consuming process. Digital environments offer an automated way to monitor risks−−if any part of the risk changes, it's immediately visible to everyone. Computers are better at continually monitoring a large array of risks than people are, which saves time and ensures continuity. Learn how to create a risk management plan to review and monitor the risks your business exposes itself to.

The Basics of Risk Management

The basic principle of risk management stays the same when you work digitally. What changes is how efficiently these steps can be taken, and as we've discussed, a digital process has no comparison to a manual system.


Risk−management evaluations are necessary for any business looking to get the most out of its risk−management practices. Evaluations and assessments give businesses a clearer understanding of what they're good at, where their vulnerabilities lie, and how to tackle them. These evaluations can be difficult, but solutions and technology simplify this process. It's important to evaluate before making major changes to the business risk−management framework.

Why is Risk Management Important?

Businesses need to be mindful of risks because they'll experience heavy losses when surprises happen without proper risk management tools. Market changes, new competitors, and a lack of business knowledge can all be major threats that are held back by risk management.


Organizations can use these steps to identify the risks more likely to have a harmful effect. They then prioritize cost−effective treatments and track the results to ensure they're continually improving.