RabbitMQ - Consumer Application


Now let's create a consumer application which will receive message from the RabbitMQ Queue.

Create Project

Using eclipse, select FileNew Maven Project. Tick the Create a simple project(skip archetype selection) and click Next.

Enter the details, as shown below:

  • groupId − com.tutorialspoint

  • artifactId − consumer

  • version − 0.0.1-SNAPSHOT

  • name − RabbitMQ Consumer

Click on Finish button and a new project will be created.

pom.xml

Now update the content of pom.xml to include dependencies for ActiveMQ.

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"    
   xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
   <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
   <groupId>com.tutorialspoint.activemq</groupId>
   <artifactId>consumer</artifactId>
   <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
   <name>RabbitMQ Consumer</name>
      <properties>
      <java.version>11</java.version>
   </properties>
   <dependencies>
      <dependency>
         <groupId>com.rabbitmq</groupId>
         <artifactId>amqp-client</artifactId>
         <version>5.14.2</version>
      </dependency>
      <dependency>
         <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
         <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
         <version>1.7.26</version>
      </dependency>
      <dependency>
         <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
         <artifactId>slf4j-simple</artifactId>
         <version>1.7.26</version>
      </dependency>
   </dependencies>
</project>

Now create a Consumer class which will receive message from the RabbitMQ Queue.

package com.tutorialspoint.rabbitmq;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

import com.rabbitmq.client.Channel;
import com.rabbitmq.client.Connection;
import com.rabbitmq.client.ConnectionFactory;
import com.rabbitmq.client.DeliverCallback;

public class Consumer {
   private static String QUEUE = "MyFirstQueue";

   public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException, TimeoutException {
      ConnectionFactory factory = new ConnectionFactory();
      factory.setHost("localhost");
      Connection connection = factory.newConnection();
      Channel channel = connection.createChannel();

      channel.queueDeclare(QUEUE, false, false, false, null);
      System.out.println("Waiting for messages. To exit press CTRL+C");

      DeliverCallback deliverCallback = (consumerTag, delivery) -> {
         String message = new String(delivery.getBody(), StandardCharsets.UTF_8);
         System.out.println("Received '" + message + "'");
      };
      channel.basicConsume(QUEUE, true, deliverCallback, consumerTag -> { });
   }
}

Consumer class creates a connection, creates a channel, creates a queue if not existent then receives message from queue if there is any and it will keep polling queue for messages. Once a message is delivered, it is handled by basicConsume() method using deliverCallback.

We'll run this application in RabbitMQ - Test Application chapter.

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