Python Design Patterns - Singleton


This pattern restricts the instantiation of a class to one object. It is a type of creational pattern and involves only one class to create methods and specified objects.

It provides a global point of access to the instance created.

Singleton Pattern

How to implement a singleton class?

The following program demonstrates the implementation of singleton class where it prints the instances created multiple times.

class Singleton:
   __instance = None
   def getInstance():
      """ Static access method. """
      if Singleton.__instance == None:
      return Singleton.__instance
   def __init__(self):
      """ Virtually private constructor. """
      if Singleton.__instance != None:
         raise Exception("This class is a singleton!")
         Singleton.__instance = self
s = Singleton()
print s

s = Singleton.getInstance()
print s

s = Singleton.getInstance()
print s


The above program generates the following output −

Implementation of Singleton

The number of instances created are same and there is no difference in the objects listed in output.