Python Program to Implement Queue Data Structure using Linked List

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

When it is required to implement a queue data structure using a linked list, a method to add (enqueue operation) elements to the linked list, and a method to delete (dequeue operation) the elements of the linked list are defined.

Below is a demonstration for the same −

Example

 Live Demo

class Node:
   def __init__(self, data):
   self.data = data
   self.next = None

class Queue_structure:
   def __init__(self):
      self.head = None
      self.last = None

   def enqueue_operation(self, data):
      if self.last is None:
         self.head = Node(data)
         self.last = self.head
      else:
         self.last.next = Node(data)
         self.last = self.last.next

   def dequeue_operation(self):
      if self.head is None:
         return None
      else:
         val_returned = self.head.data
         self.head = self.head.next
         return val_returned

my_instance = Queue_structure()
while True:
   print('enqueue <value>')
   print('dequeue')
   print('quit')
   my_input = input('What operation would you like to perform ? ').split()

   operation = my_input[0].strip().lower()
   if operation == 'enqueue':
      my_instance.enqueue_operation(int(my_input[1]))
   elif operation == 'dequeue':
      dequeued = my_instance.dequeue_operation()
      if dequeued is None:
         print('The queue is empty.')
      else:
         print('The deleted element is : ', int(dequeued))
   elif operation == 'quit':
      break

Output

enqueue <value>
dequeue
quit
What operation would you like to perform ? enqueue 45
enqueue <value>
dequeue
quit
What operation would you like to perform ? enqueue 12
enqueue <value>
dequeue
quit
What operation would you like to perform ? dequeue
The deleted element is : 45
enqueue <value>
dequeue
quit
What operation would you like to perform ? quit

Explanation

  • The ‘Node’ class is created.

  • Another ‘Queue_structure’ class with required attributes is created.

  • It has an ‘init’ function that is used to initialize the first element, i.e the ‘head’ to ‘None’.

  • A method named enqueue_operation’ is defined, that helps add a value to the queue.

  • Another method named ‘dequeue_operation’ is defined, that helps delete a value from the queue, and returns the deleted value.

  • An instance of the ‘Queue_structure’ is created.

  • Three options are given, such as ‘enqueue’, ‘dequeue’, and ‘quit’.

  • The ‘enqueue’ option adds a specific value to the stack.

  • The ‘dequeue’ option deletes the element from the queue.

  • The ‘quit’ option comes out of the loop.

  • Based on the input/choice by user, the respective operations are performed.

  • This output is displayed on the console.

raja
Published on 14-Apr-2021 13:24:38
Advertisements