Python program to find ways to get n rupees with given coins

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have given a coins of denominations (1, 2, 5 and 10). We have to find in how many ways can we can arrange n using these dominations. We have an array called count with 4 elements, where count[0] indicates number of coins of 1, count[1] indicates number of coins for 2 and so on.

So, if the input is like n = 27 count = [8,4,3,2], then the output will be 18 so there are 18 possible combinations some of them are

  • 10*2 + 5*1 + 2*1 = 27

  • 10*2 + 2*3 + 1*1 = 27

  • 10*1 + 5*3 + 2*1 = 27

  • 10*1 + 5*1 + 4*2 + 4*1 = 27

and so on...

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • denom := [1,2,5,10]
  • A := an array of size (n + 1) and fill with 0
  • B := a new list from A
  • for i in range 0 to (minimum of count[0] and n), do
    • A[i] := 1
  • for i in range 1 to 3, do
    • for j in range 0 to count[i], do
      • for k in range 0 to n + 1 - j *denom[i], do
        • B[k + j * denom[i]] := B[k + j * denom[i]] + A[k]
    • for j in range 0 to n, do
      • A[j] := B[j]
      • B[j] := 0
  • return A[n]

Example

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding

denom = [1,2,5,10]

def solve(n, count):
   A = [0 for _ in range(n+1)]
   B = list(A)
   for i in range(min(count[0], n) + 1):
      A[i] = 1
   for i in range(1, 4):
      for j in range(0, count[i] + 1):
         for k in range(n + 1 - j *denom[i]):
            B[k + j * denom[i]] += A[k]
      for j in range(0, n + 1):
         A[j] = B[j]
         B[j] = 0
   return A[n]

n = 27
count = [8,4,3,2]
print(solve(n, count))

Input

27, [8,4,3,2]

Output

18
raja
Updated on 12-Oct-2021 09:12:47

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