Prove that the perpendicular at the point of contact to the tangent to a circle passes through the centre.

AcademicMathematicsNCERTClass 10

To do:

We have to prove that the perpendicular at the point of contact to the tangent to a circle passes through the centre.

Solution:

Let $TS$ be a tangent to the circle with centre $O$ at $P$.

Join $OP$.

Draw a line $OR$ which intersects the circle at $Q$ and meets the tangent $TS$ at $R$.

$OP = OQ$   (radii of the circle)

$OQ

$\Rightarrow OP

Similarly,

$OP$ is less than all those lines which can be drawn from $O$ to $TS$.

$OP$ is the shortest such line.

Therefore,

$OP$ is perpendicular to $TS$.

Perpendicular through $P$ will pass through the centre of the circle.

Hence proved.

raja
Updated on 10-Oct-2022 13:23:41

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