# Program to find out the dot product of two sparse vectors in Python

Suppose, we have two sparse vectors represented in two lists. We have to return the dot product of the two sparse vectors. The vectors are represented as objects, and the lists are stored in a member variable 'nums' in the objects.

So, if the input is like vector1 = [1, 0, 0, 0, 1], vector2 = [0, 0, 0, 1, 1], then the output will be 1 The dot product is 1 * 0 + 0 * 0 + 0 * 0 + 0 * 1 + 1 * 1 = 1.

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

• res := 0

• for each index i, value v in nums of vector2, do

• if v is same as 0, then

• continue

• otherwise when nums[i] of vector1 is same as 0, then

• go for next iteration

• otherwise,

• res := res + v * nums[i] of vector1

• return res

## Example (Python)

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

Live Demo

class Solution:
def __init__(self, nums):
self.nums = nums

def solve(self, vec):
res = 0
for i, v in enumerate(vec.nums):
if v == 0:
continue
elif self.nums[i] == 0:
continue
else:
res += v * self.nums[i]
return res

ob1, ob2 = Solution([1, 0, 0, 0, 1]), Solution([0, 0, 0, 1, 1])
print(ob1.solve(ob2))

## Input

[1, 0, 0, 0, 1], [0, 0, 0, 1, 1]

## Output

1

Updated on: 18-May-2021

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