Program to find number of possible moves to start the game to win by the starter in Python

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose Amal and Bimal are playing a game. They have n containers with one or more chocolates inside it. These containers are numbered from 1 to N, where ith container has count[i] number of chocolates. Now the game is like. First player will select a container and take one or more chocolates from it. Then the second player will select a non-empty container and take one or more chocolates from it, like this they play alternatively. When one of the players has no way to take any chocolates, then he/she loses the game. If Amal's turn is first we have to find in how many ways Amal can make the first move, such that he always wins.

So, if the input is like count = [2, 3], then the output will be 1, because initially containers are like [2, 3]. They can play like this

  • Amal picks one chocolate from the second container, so currently [2, 2]
  • Bimal picks one chocolate from the first container, so currently [1, 2]
  • Amal picks one chocolate from the second container, so currently [1, 1]
  • Bimal picks one chocolate from the first container, so currently [0, 1]

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • tmp := 0
  • for each c in count, do
    • tmp := tmp XOR c
  • if tmp is zero, then
    • return 0
  • otherwise,
    • moves := 0
    • for each c in count, do
      • moves := moves + (1 when (tmp XOR c) < c, otherwise 0)
    • return moves

Example

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

def solve(count):
   tmp = 0
   for c in count:
      tmp ^= c

   if not tmp:
      return 0
   else:
      moves = 0
      for c in count:
         moves += (tmp^c) < c
      return moves

count = [2, 3]
print(solve(count))

Input

[2, 3]

Output

1
raja
Published on 23-Oct-2021 07:47:51
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