# Program to find number of pairs between x, whose multiplication is x and they are coprime in Python

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose there is a function f(x), that counts number of (p, q) pairs, such that

• 1 < p <= q <= x
• p and q are coprime
• p * q = x So if we have n.

We have to find sum f(x[i]) for all i in range 1 to n.

So, if the input is like 12, then the output will be 3, because x values are ranging from 1 to 12.

• When x = 6, the valid pair is (2, 3) so f(6) = 1
• When x = 10, the valid pair is (2, 5) so f(10) = 1
• When x = 12, the valid pair is (3, 4) so f(12) = 1

so there are total 3 pairs.

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

• count := 0
• sqr := integer part of (square root of n) + 1
• for base in range 2 to sqr - 1, do
• for i in range 1 to minimum of base and floor of (n / base - base + 1), do
• if gcd of base and i) is not same as 1, then
• go for next iteration
• count := count + floor of (n - i * base)/(base * base)
• return count

## Example

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

from math import sqrt, gcd

def solve(n):
count = 0
sqr = int(sqrt(n)) + 1
for base in range(2, sqr):
for i in range(1, min(base, n // base - base + 1)):
if gcd(base, i) != 1:
continue
count += (n - i * base) // (base * base)

return count

n = 12
print(solve(n))

## Input

12


## Output

3