# Program to find how many ways we can climb stairs in Python

Suppose we have a staircase with n steps, and we can climb up either 1 or 2 steps at a time. We have to define a function that returns the number of unique ways we can climb the staircase.

The order of the steps should not be changed, so each different order of steps counts as a way. If the answer is very large then mod the result by 10^9 + 7

So, if the input is like n = 5, then the output will be 8, as there are 8 unique ways −

• 1, 1, 1, 1, 1
• 2, 1, 1, 1
• 1, 2, 1, 1
• 1, 1, 2, 1
• 1, 1, 1, 2
• 1, 2, 2
• 2, 1, 2
• 2, 2, 1

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

• dp:= an array of size n+1, and fill with 0
• dp[1]:= 1
• for i in range 2 to n+1, do
• dp[i]:= dp[i-1]+dp[i-2]
• return last element of dp mod m

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

## Example

Live Demo

m =(10**9)+7
class Solution:
def solve(self, n):
dp=[0 for _ in range(n+2)]
dp[1]=1
for i in range(2,n+2):
dp[i]=dp[i-1]+dp[i-2]
return dp[-1] % m
ob = Solution()
print(ob.solve(5))

## Input

5

## Output

8

Updated on: 05-Oct-2020

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