Program to count total number of set bits of all numbers in range 0 to n in Python

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have a number num. For each numbers i in the range 0 ≤ i ≤ num we have to calculate the number of 1's in their binary counterpart and return them as a list. So if the number is 5, then the numbers are [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5], and number of 1s in these numbers are [0, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2], so it will return 7.

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • res := an array which holds num + 1 number of 0s

  • offset := 0

  • for i in range 1 to num + 1

    • if i and i − 1 = 0, then res[i] := 1 and offset := 0

    • else increase offset by 1 and res[i] := 1 + res[offset]

  • return sum of the elements of res

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

Example

 Live Demo

class Solution:
   def countBits(self, num):
      result = [0] * (num+1)
      offset = 0
      for i in range(1,num+1):
         if i & i-1 == 0:
            result[i] = 1
            offset = 0
         else:
            offset+=1
            result[i] = 1 + result[offset]
      return sum(result)
ob1 = Solution()
print(ob1.countBits(5))

Input

5

Output

7
raja
Published on 21-Oct-2020 10:57:51
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