Polymer - Events


Advertisements


Events are used by the elements that can communicate with state changes of DOM tree to parent elements and uses the standard DOM APIs for creating, dispatching, and listening for events. The annotated event listeners are used by Polymer, which defines the event listeners as small chunks of DOM template and can be added to DOM children using onevent annotations in the template.

Example

The following example adds annotated event listeners in the template. Create a file called index.html and put the following code in it.

<!doctype html>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>Polymer Example</title>
      <script src = "bower_components/webcomponentsjs/webcomponents-lite.js"></script>
      <link rel = "import" href="bower_components/polymer/polymer.html">
      <link rel = "import" href = "annotated-eventlistners.html">
   </head>
   
   <body>
      <template id = "myapp" is = "dom-bind">
         //tap event is part of gesture events that fires consistently across both mobile
         //and desktop devices
         <annotated-eventlistners on-tap = "myClick"></annotated-eventlistners>
      </template>
      
      <script>
         var myval = document.querySelector('#myapp');
         myval.myClick =  function(e) {
            console.log('Hello World!!!');
         };
      </script>
   </body>
</html>

Output

To run the application, navigate to the created project directory and run the following command.

polymer serve

Now open the browser and navigate to http://127.0.0.1:8000/. Following will be the output.

Polymer Annotated Eventlistners

Click the text to see the result in the console as shown in the following screenshot.

Polymer Annotated Eventlistners

Custom Events

Custom events can be triggered using the standard CustomEvent constructor and the dispatchEvent method from the host element.

Consider the following example that triggers the custom event from the host element. Open the index.html file and add the following code in it.

<!doctype html>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>Polymer Example</title>
      <script src = "bower_components/webcomponentsjs/webcomponents-lite.js"></script>
      <link rel = "import" href = "bower_components/polymer/polymer.html">
      <link rel = "import" href = "custom-event.html">
   </head>
   
   <body>
      <custom-event></custom-event>
      <script>
         document.querySelector('custom-event').addEventListener('customValue', function (e) {
            console.log(e.detail.customval); // true
         })
      </script>
   </body>
</html>

Now, create another file called custom-event.html and include the following code.

<link rel = "import" href = "bower_components/polymer/polymer-element.html">

//it specifies the start of an element's local DOM
<dom-module id = "custom-event">
   <template>
      <h2>Custom Event Example</h2>
      <button on-click = "myClick">Click Here</button>
   </template>
   
   <script>
      Polymer ({
         is: "custom-event", myClick(e) {
            this.dispatchEvent(new CustomEvent('customValue', {detail: {customval: true}}));
         }
      });
   </script>
</dom-module>

Output

Run the application as shown in the previous example and navigate to http://127.0.0.1:8000/. Following will be the output.

Polymer Custom Events

Now click the button, open the console, and see the true value for the custom event as shown in the following screenshot.

Polymer Custom Events

Now moving with "event retargeting", which specifies the event's target where the element can be represented in the same scope as the listening element. For instance, the target can be considered as an element in the main document, while using a listener in the main document, not in a shadow tree. You can refer the Polymer shadow dom styling chapter for more explanation and example.

Gesture Events

Gesture events can be used for user interactions, which define better interaction on both touch and mobile devices. For instance, the tap event is a part of gesture events that fires consistently across both mobile and desktop devices.

You can refer the example for gesture event explained at the beginning of this chapter, which uses on-tap event that adds annotated event listeners in the template.

The following table lists different types of gesture event types.

Sr.No. Event Type & Description Properties
1

down

It specifies that the finger/button has moved down.

  • x − It provides the clientX coordinate for an event.

  • y − It provides the clientY coordinate for an event.

  • sourceEvent − It specifies the down action caused by DOM event.

2

up

It specifies that the finger/button has moved up.

  • x − It provides the clientX coordinate for an event.

  • y − It provides the clientY coordinate for an event.

  • sourceEvent − It specifies the up action caused by DOM event.

3

tap

It specifies the occurrence of up and down actions.

  • x − It provides the clientX coordinate for an event.

  • y − It provides the clientY coordinate for an event.

  • sourceEvent − It specifies the tap action caused by DOM event.

4

track

It specifies the occurrence of up and down actions.

  • x − It provides the clientX coordinate for an event.

  • y − It provides the clientY coordinate for an event.

  • state − It is a type string that specifies the tracking state.

  • dx − It horizontally makes the changes in pixels, when you track the first event.

  • dy − It vertically makes the changes in pixels, when you track the first event.

  • ddx − It horizontally makes the changes in pixels, when you track the last event.

  • ddy − It vertically makes the changes in pixels, when you track the last event.

  • hover() − It is used to determine the currently hovered element.

Example

The following example specifies the use of gesture event types in the template. Create a file called index.html and place the following code in it.

<!doctype html>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>Polymer Example</title>
      <script src = "bower_components/webcomponentsjs/webcomponents-lite.js"></script>
      <link rel = "import" href = "bower_components/polymer/polymer.html">
      <link rel = "import" href = "gesture-event.html">
   </head>
   
   <body>
      <gesture-event></gesture-event>
   </body>
</html>

Now, create another file called gesture-event.html and include the following code.

<link rel = "import" href = "bower_components/polymer/polymer-element.html">

//it specifies the start of an element's local DOM
<dom-module id = "gesture-event">
   <template>
      <style>
         #box {
            width: 200px;
            height: 200px;
            background: #D7D0B7;
         }
      </style>
      
      <h2>Gesture Event Types Example</h2>
      <div id = "box" on-track = "myClick">{{track_message}}</div>
   </template>
   
   <script>
      Polymer ({
         is: 'gesture-event', myClick: function(e) {
            switch(e.detail.state) {
               case 'start':
               this.track_message = 'Tracking event started...';
               break;
               case 'track':
                  this.track_message = 'Tracking event is in progress... ' +
                  e.detail.x + ', ' + e.detail.y;
               break;
               case 'end':
                  this.track_message = 'Tracking event ended...';
               break;
            }
         }
      });
   </script>
</dom-module>

Output

Run the application as shown in the previous example and navigate to http://127.0.0.1:8081/. Now start dragging the mouse in the element, it will display the state as shown in the following screenshot.

Polymer Gesture Events

After dragging the mouse in the element, it will show the progress of event tracking as shown in the following screenshot.

Polymer Gesture Events

When you stop dragging the mouse, it will end the tracking event on the element as shown in the following screenshot.

Polymer Gesture Events

Advertisements
E-Books Store