PHP Expressions

PHPServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Introduction

Almost everything in a PHP script is an expression. Anything that has a value is an expression. In a typical assignment statement ($x=100), a literal value, a function or operands processed by operators is an expression, anything that appears to the right of assignment operator (=)

Syntax

$x=100; //100 is an expression
$a=$b+$c; //b+$c is an expression
$c=add($a,$b); //add($a,$b) is an expresson
$val=sqrt(100); //sqrt(100) is an expression
$var=$x!=$y; //$x!=$y is an expression

expression with ++ and -- operators

These operators are called increment and decrement operators respectively. They are unary operators, needing just one operand and can be used in prefix or postfix manner, although with different effect on value of expression

Both prefix and postfix ++ operators increment value of operand by 1 (whereas -- operator decrements by 1). However, when used in assignment expression, prefix makesincremnt/decrement first and then followed by assignment. In case of postfix, assignment is done before increment/decrement

Uses postfix ++ operator

Example

 Live Demo

<?php
$x=10;
$y=$x++; //equivalent to $y=$x followed by $x=$x+1
echo "x = $x y = $y";
?>

Output

This produces following result

x = 11 y = 10

Whereas following example uses prefix increment operator in assignment

Example

 Live Demo

<?php
$x=10;
$y=++$x;; //equivalent to $x=$x+1 followed by $y=$x
echo "x = $x y = $y";
?>

Output

This produces following result

x = 11 y = 11

Expression with Ternary conditional operator

Ternary operator has three operands. First one is a logical expression. If it is TRU, second operand expression is evaluated otherwise third one is evaluated

Example

 Live Demo

<?php
$marks=60;
$result= $marks<50 ? "fail" : "pass";
echo $result;
?>

Output

Following result will be displayed

pass
raja
Published on 19-Sep-2020 16:48:02
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