Pandit Nehru's Objective Resolution: Understanding India's Vision for The Future


Pandit Nehru’s Objective resolution: India's first prime minister, presented the Objective Resolution, which served as the framework for the nation's constitution on December 13, 1946. The resolution served as a vision statement outlining India's aspirations for itself as a sovereign state.

Nehru wanted India as a democratic, secular, and socialist nation where all citizens enjoy equal rights and opportunities. In this article, we will tell you about the Objective Resolution in greater detail and learn how it influenced both India's constitution and its long-term goals.

What was Objective Resolution?

The Indian Constitution encompasses the objectives and aspirations of its contributors. But every constitution must begin somewhere, with a philosophy. The Objective Resolutions inspired the development of the Indian Constitution and provided the much-needed philosophical underpinning.

It can be seen as the preamble to the enormous dream that the framers of the constitution hoped to realize after independence in the form of a new India. And the Preamble of the Indian Constitution was drafted using these resolutions.

Contents of The Objective Resolution

A motion for these resolutions was made on December 13 by Jawaharlal Nehru. Furthermore, the assembly approved these resolutions on January 22, 1947. The following are the contents of these resolutions:

  • India is a sovereign, independent republic.

  • Former British Indian territories, Indian States, and other areas outside of British India and Indian States that are willing to join the Union shall form the country of India.

  • The territories that make up the Union shall be sovereign states which means that these states are free to exercise all governmental and executive functions but with the exception of those that have been granted to or stay in the Union.

  • India is a sovereign, independent nation, and its constitution grants the people all rights and authority.

  • The depressed and other backward classes, backward and tribal areas, and minorities must all have sufficient protections.

The Adoption of the Objective Resolution

The Indian Preamble is built on these clear resolutions that are stated in the preamble. The president of the Constituent Assembly, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, urged the assembly to adopt the things said and stated in the resolution without reservation and urged everyone to vote in favor of it.

The resolution therefore needed to be approved with a unanimous vote. The Constituent Assembly thought about discussing the preamble once more on October 17, 1949.

Hasrat Mohani, a member of the assembly, made the suggestion that "a Union of India Socialist Republics" should be created in place of "a Sovereign Democratic Republic". Another member objected, claiming that doing so would go against the very constitution they had passed.

Similar discussions took place regarding what should be and should not be included in the Preamble. However, everything else was evaluated in relation to these resolutions, which were put forth in the very first session.

The main justification for adopting these resolutions in the preamble was that they encapsulated the concise ideas of the constitution's authors.

It stated very clearly what kind of India was needed after independence, so the Constituent Assembly adopted these resolutions as the Preamble of the World's Biggest Constitution after making a few minor changes.

What Was the Goal of the Resolution?

The Objective Resolution was introduced by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on December 13, 1946. It established the fundamental philosophy and guided the drafting of the Indian Constitution and later transformed into the Preamble. The Constituent Assembly approved this Resolution on January 22, 1947.

The Resolution stated that the Constituent Assembly will first declare India to be an Independent Sovereign Republic, with all regions remaining autonomous and holding residual powers; all Indians will be guaranteed justice, equality of status, freedom of thought, expression, belief, faith, worship, vocation, association, and will be subject to the law and public morality; and adequate protections will be provided for minorities, the underprivileged, and depressed individuals.


Q1. What is the Objective Resolution proposed by Pandit Nehru?

Ans: Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru presented the Objective Resolution on December 13, 1946. It established the fundamental philosophy and guided the drafting of the Indian Constitution and later transformed into the Preamble.

Q2. What were the objectives of Objective Resolution in India?

Ans: All fundamental rights must be protected. They include freedom of thought, expression, belief, faith, worship, and association subject to (the) law and public morality. They also include equality of status, opportunity, and before the law.

Q3. Who proposed the Objective Resolution in India?

Ans: Jawahar Lal Nehru and B.R. Ambedkar introduced the resolution outlining the objectives. The Constituent Assembly proclaimed India to be an Independent Sovereign Republic in accordance with the Objective Resolution.

Q4. Why is the Objective Resolution of Nehru considered a momentum resolution?

Ans: It was a historic resolution that 1. outlined the founding principles of the Constitution of independent India. 2. Presented the framework for how the constitution-writing process was to be carried out.

Q5. What was the objective of the Nehru Report? Who was its chairman?

Ans: Additionally, a federal government was to be established for the Indian constitution, and joint elections with seats designated for minorities were to be designed. This report was created by the All Parties Conference. The chairman was Motilal Nehru, and the secretary was Jawaharlal Nehru, his son.

Q6. What is the Objective Resolution of Preamble?

Ans: The Objective Resolution, written by Jawaharlal Nehru, is the primary inspiration for the Preamble of the Indian Constitution. On December 13th, 1946, he introduced this sensible resolution, which the Constituent Assembly approved on January 22nd, 1947.

Updated on: 15-May-2023

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