How many systems does a flowering plant have? Name and explain them.

A flowering plant has 2 systems:

1. The Root System

2. The Shoot System

Root System:

1) Composed of roots, tubers, and rhizoids of the plant.

2) Parts of the plant grow into the ground.

3) Functions include absorbing water and minerals from the ground and providing support to the plant on the ground.

4) Cannot be used as timber.

Shoot System:

1) composed of leaves, buds, flowers, and fruits of the plant.

2) Parts of the plant growing above the ground.

3) Photosynthesis, transport of materials, and reproductions are important functions.

4) Can be used as timber.

[More information:

taproot is a large, thick, central, dominant root, tapering in shape, growing straight and directly downward from which other roots grow in a lateral manner.


A fibrous root system consists of a thick network of roots that develop near to the topsoil surface.

It is often composed of fine, slightly branching roots that grow from the stem.

It is the opposite of a taproot system, since the roots do not enter the soil as deeply, but instead form a dense root network that is effective at keeping the soil together.

This root system is common for all monocotyledonous plants including ferns.


Updated on: 10-Oct-2022


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