Find out where are the habitats of the polar bear and the penguin. For each animal, explain two ways in which it is well adapted to its habitat.

These are the adaptations of polar bears:

1. Their white skin serves as a camouflage that prevents them from becoming prey on snow and ice.

2. Big feet - enhance grip on the ice and aid in distributing body weight.

3. Extra-thick fat and fur layers act as insulation against the cold.

4. A greasy coat that evaporates water after swimming aids in minimizing heat loss.

5. Muscle hump over the shoulder—useful for grabbing huge or large animals.

6. Small, rounded ears should not be exposed to cold water.

7. A keen sense of smell allows them to find their prey even beneath a thick coating of ice with ease.

The Penguin's adaption includes:

1. Webbed feet are best for strong swimming.

2. A streamlined body will provide less resistance in the water.

3. Flipper-shaped wings allow them to swim underwater at up to 15 mph.

4. Pointed Beaks - aids in fish capture.

5. They stay warm in cold weather due to their thick skin and blubber (fats under the skin).


Simply Easy Learning

Updated on: 09-Jan-2023


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