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A cotton shirt, before it reaches you, completes a long journey. Elaborate on this journey starting from cotton bolls.
The journey starting from cotton bolls to a cotton shirt is given below :
Picking -> Ginning -> Spinning -> Weaking -> Knitting -> Stitching
- Picking: Cotton bolls burst open after maturing. The seeds covered with cotton fibres are handpicked from the cotton bolls.
- Ginning: The process of separating the seeds from the fibres by combing is called ginning. These days, ginning is done with the help of machines.
- Spinning: In spinning, fibres from a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. This brings the fibres together to make a strong yarn. Spinning is done with the help of hand-operated devices such as charkhas or by using spinning machines.
- Weaving and knitting: Weaving and knitting are the two methods of converting cotton yam into cotton fabric. A cotton shirt is usually made by weaving. In weaving, two sets of yarns are arranged together to make a fabric.
- Stitching: The cotton fabric is then stitched into a cotton shirt.
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