Number of digits in the nth number made of given four digits in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

We need to find the number of digits in the nth number made of given four digits 1, 2, 3, and 4.

The series with the above four digits is as follows

1, 2, 3, 4, 11, 12, 13, 14, 21, 22, 23, 24...

We need to find the number of digits of the nth number from the above series. If you carefully observe the pattern, you will find the following points.

  • There are 4 numbers with digits 1.

  • There are 16 numbers with digits 2.

  • The pattern continues as the powers of 4.

Let's see an example

Input

7

Output

2

The 7th number in the series is 13 and the number of digits in it is 2.

Algorithm

  • Initialise the number n.
  • Initialise two variables one to store result and another one to store total sum of numbers in the series.
  • Create a loop that increased the iterative variable by the powers of 4.
    • Add the current number to the sum variable.
    • If the total sum is greater than n, then break the loop.
    • Add 1 to the result as next set of number will have one digit extra than previous set of numbers.
  • Return the result.

Implementation

Following is the implementation of the above algorithm in C++

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int getDigitsCount(int n) {
   int i, result = 1, sum = 0;
   for (i = 4; ; i *= 4) {
      sum += i;
      if (sum >= n) {
         break;
      }
      result += 1;
   }
   return result;
}
int main() {
   int n = 57;
   cout << getDigitsCount(n) << endl;
   return 0;
}

Output

If you run the above code, then you will get the following result.

3
raja
Published on 03-Jul-2021 05:01:15

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