Women’s Emancipation


  • Based on the various religious practices and the personal laws, it was assumed that the status of women was inferior to that of men.

  • After 1880s, when Dufferin hospitals, named after Lady Dufferin (wife of the Viceroy), were started, efforts were made make modern medicine and child delivery techniques available to Indian Women.

Sarojini Naidu
  • Sarojini Naidu, the famous poetess, became the President of the National Congress in 1925.

  • In 1937, several women became ministers or parliamentary secretaries.

  • All India Women's Conference founded in 1927.

  • Women's struggle for equality took a big step forward after the independence.

  • Articles 14 and 15 of the Indian Constitution (1950) guaranteed the complete equality of men and women.

  • The Hindu Succession Act of 1956 made the daughter an equal co-heir with the son.

  • The Hindu Marriage Act of 1955 permitted dissolution of marriage on specific grounds.

  • Monogamy has been made mandatory for men as well as women.

  • The Constitution gives women equal right to work and to get employment in State agencies.

  • The Directive Principles of the Constitution lay down the principle of equal pay for equal work for both men and women.