Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre


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  • Gandhiji gave a call for a mighty hartal on 6 April 1919. The people responded with unprecedented enthusiasm.

  • The Government decided to meet the popular protest with repression, particularly in the Punjab.

  • An unarmed but large crowd had gathered on 13 April 1919 at Jallianwalla Bagh to protest against the arrest of their popular leaders, Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlew and Dr. Satyapal.

  • Jallianwala Bagh (located in Amritsar, Punjab) was a large open space which was enclosed on three sides by buildings and had only one exit.

  • General Dyer surrounded the Bagh (garden) with his army until closed the exit with his troops, and then ordered his men to shoot onto the trapped crowd.

Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre
  • They fired till their ammunition was exhausted. Thousands were killed and wounded.

  • After this massacre, martial law was proclaimed throughout the Punjab and the people were submitted to most uncivilized atrocities.



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