# Mid-Square hashing in C++.

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

#### C in Depth: The Complete C Programming Guide for Beginners

45 Lectures 4.5 hours

#### Practical C++: Learn C++ Basics Step by Step

Most Popular

50 Lectures 4.5 hours

#### Master C and Embedded C Programming- Learn as you go

66 Lectures 5.5 hours

## Problem statement

The mid-square method is a method of generating pseudorandom numbers. This method was invented by John von Neumann and was described at a conference in 1949

• In this technique, an initial seed value is taken and it is squared.

• Some digits from the middle are extracted and these extracted digits form a number which is taken as the new seed.

• Let us take 3456 as seed. Its square is 11943936

• Take the middle 4 digits as new seed i.e. 9439. Its square is 89094721

• Take middle 4 digits as new seed i.e. 0947

• Repeat this process

## Algorithm

1. Choose initial seed value
2. Take the square of the seed value
3. Update seed by taking n digits from previous result

## Example

#include <iostream>
#include <ctime>
using namespace std;
long long getTime(){
time_t t = time(NULL);
struct tm *tm = localtime(&t);
long long x = (tm->tm_hour) * 50000000 + (tm->tm_min) * 100000 + (tm->tm_sec) * 5000 +
(tm->tm_mday) * 50 + (tm->tm_year);
return x;
}
long getHash(){
long long key = getTime();
key = key * key;
key = key / 10000;
key = key % 100000000;
return key;
}
int main(){
cout << "Random number: " << getHash() << endl;
return 0;
}

## Output

When you compile and execute the above program. It generates the following output−

Random number: 10088419