Maximum sum bitonic subarray in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

In this problem, we are given an array arr[]. Our task is to create a program to find the maximum sum bitonic subarray in C++.

Bitonic Subarray is a special subarray in which the element strictly increase first and then strictly decreases after reaching a certain point.

Let’s take an example to understand the problem,

Input

arr[] = {4, 2, 3, 7 ,9, 6, 3, 5, 1}

Output

30

Explanation

The bitonic subarray is [2, 3, 7, 9, 6, 3]. Sum = 2 + 3 + 7 + 9 + 6 + 3 = 30

Solution Approach

The solution is similar to that in the bitonic subsequence problem. We will create two arrays incSubArr[] and decSubArr[]. That will create store increasing and decreasing subarrays. At index i, incSubArr[i] will find increasing subarray from 0 to i. And decSubArr[i] will find increasing subarray from i to N.

The maxSum is the maximum value calculated as (incSubArr[i] + decSubArr[i] - arr[i]).

Example

Program to illustrate the working of our solution,

 Live Demo

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
int findMaxSumBiTonicSubArr(int arr[], int N){
   int incSubArr[N], decSubArr[N];
   int max_sum = -1;
   incSubArr[0] = arr[0];
   for (int i=1; i<N; i++)
      if (arr[i] > arr[i-1])
         incSubArr[i] = incSubArr[i-1] + arr[i];
      else
         incSubArr[i] = arr[i];
   decSubArr[N-1] = arr[N-1];
   for (int i= (N-2); i>=0; i--)
      if (arr[i] > arr[i+1])
         decSubArr[i] = decSubArr[i+1] + arr[i];
      else
         decSubArr[i] = arr[i];
   for (int i=0; i<N; i++)
      if(max_sum < (incSubArr[i] + decSubArr[i] - arr[i]))
max_sum = incSubArr[i] + decSubArr[i] - arr[i];
   return max_sum;
}
int main(){
   int arr[] = {4, 2, 3, 7 ,9, 6, 3, 5, 1};
   int N = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
   cout<<"The Maximum Sum of Bitonic Subarray is "<<findMaxSumBiTonicSubArr(arr, N);
   return 0;
}

Output

The Maximum Sum of Bitonic Subarray is 30
raja
Published on 10-Jul-2020 17:53:07
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