Matching from a set of characters Java regualr expression


The character classes in Java regular expression is defined using the square brackets "[ ]", the character class matches a single character from the specified or, set of possible characters.

For example, the regular expression [abc] matches a single character a or, b or, c. Similarly, "[a-z]" matches a character from a to z.

Example 1

 Live Demo

import java.util.Scanner;
import java.util.regex.Matcher;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;
public class RegexExample1 {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
      System.out.println("Enter input text: ");
      String input = sc.nextLine();
      String regex = "[a-z]";
      //Creating a pattern object
      Pattern pattern = Pattern.compile(regex);
      //Matching the compiled pattern in the String
      Matcher matcher = pattern.matcher(input);
      int count =0;
      while (matcher.find()) {
         count++;
      }
      System.out.println("Number of characters from a to z: "+count);
   }
}

Output

Enter input text:
sample data 1234$
Number of characters from a to z: 10

Example 2

 Live Demo

import java.util.Scanner;
import java.util.regex.Matcher;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;
public class RegexExample1 {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
      System.out.println("Enter input text: ");
      String input = sc.nextLine();
      String regex = "[^a-z]";
      //Creating a pattern object
      Pattern pattern = Pattern.compile(regex);
      //Matching the compiled pattern in the String
      Matcher matcher = pattern.matcher(input);
      int count =0;
      while (matcher.find()) {
         count++;
      }
      System.out.println("Number of non-alphabetic characters : "+count);
   }
}

Output

Enter input text:
sample data 1234$
Number of non-alphabetic characters : 7
raja
Published on 13-Jan-2020 06:08:05
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