JqueryUI - Environment Setup


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This chapter will discuss about download and set up of JqueryUI library. We will also briefly study the directory structure and its contents. JqueryUI library can be used in two ways in your web page −

Download UI Library from Its Official Website

When you open the link http://jqueryui.com/, you will see there are three options to download JqueryUI library −

JqueryUI Download Page
  • Custom Download − Click on this button to download a customized version of library.

  • Stable − Click on this button to get the stable and latest version of JqueryUI library.

  • Legacy − Click on this button to get the previous major release of the JqueryUI library.

Custom Download with Download Builder

Using Download Builder, you can create a custom build to include only those portions of the library that you need. You can download this new customized version of JqueryUI, depending on the chosen theme. You will see the following screen (same page is split into two images) −

JqueryUI Custom Download Page

This is useful when you require only specific plugins or features of the JqueryUI library. The directory structure of this version is shown in the following figure −

JqueryUI Custom Directory Structure Page

Uncompressed files are located in the development-bundle directory. The uncompressed file is best used during development or debugging; the compressed file saves bandwidth and improves performance in production.

Stable download

Click on the Stable button, which leads directly to a ZIP file containing the sources, examples, and documentation for latest version of JqueryUI library. Extract the ZIP file contents to a jqueryui directory.

This version contains all files including all dependencies, a large collection of demos, and even the library’s unit test suite. This version is helpful to getting started.

Legacy download

Click on the Legacy button, which leads directly to a ZIP file of previous major release of JqueryUI library. This version also contains all files including all dependencies, a large collection of demos, and even the library’s unit test suite. This version is helpful to get you started.

Download UI Library from CDNs

A CDN or Content Delivery Network is a network of servers designed to serve files to users. If you use a CDN link in your web page, it moves the responsibility of hosting files from your own servers to a series of external ones. This also offers an advantage that if the visitor to your webpage has already downloaded a copy of JqueryUI from the same CDN, it won't have to be re-downloaded.

The jQuery Foundation, Google, and Microsoft all provide CDNs that host jQuery core as well as jQuery UI.

Because a CDN does not require you to host your own version of jQuery and jQuery UI, it is perfect for demos and experimentation.

We are using the CDN versions of the library throughout this tutorial.

Example

Now let us write a simple example using JqueryUI. Let us create an HTML file, copy the following content to the <head> tag −

<link href = "https://code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/themes/ui-lightness/jquery-ui.css"
   rel = "stylesheet">
<script src = "https://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
<script src = "https://code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/jquery-ui.js"></script>

Details of the above code are −

  • The first line, adds jQuery UI theme (in our case ui-lightness) via CSS. This CSS will make our UI stylish.

  • Second line, adds the jQuery library, as jQuery UI is built on top of jQuery library.

  • Third line, adds the jQuery UI library. This enables jQuery UI in your page.

Now let's add some content to <head> tag −

<script type = "text/javascript">
   $(function () {
      $('#dialogMsg').dialog();
   });
</script>

In the <body> add this −

<body>
   <form id = "form1" runat = "server">
      <div id = "dialogMsg" title = "First JqueryUI Example">
         Hello this is my first JqueryUI example.
      </div>
   </form>
</body>

The complete HTML code is as follows. Save it as myfirstexample.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <link href = "https://code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/themes/ui-lightness/jquery-ui.css"
         rel = "stylesheet">
      <script src = "https://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
      <script src = "https://code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/jquery-ui.js"></script>
      
      <script type = "text/javascript">
         $(function () {
            $('#dialogMsg').dialog();
         });
      </script>
   </head>
   
   <body>
      <form id = "form1" runat = "server">
         <div id = "dialogMsg" title = "First JqueryUI Example">
            Hello this is my first JqueryUI example.
         </div>
      </form>
   </body>
</html>

Open the above page in your browser. It will produce the following screen.

JqueryUI Fist Example Demo

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