Impala - Union Clause


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You can combine the results of two queries using the Union clause of Impala.

Syntax

Following is the syntax of the Union clause in Impala.

query1 union query2;

Example

Assume we have a table named customers in the database my_db and its contents are as follows −

[quickstart.cloudera:21000] > select * from customers; 
Query: select * from customers 
+----+----------+-----+-----------+--------+ 
| id | name     | age | address   | salary | 
+----+----------+-----+-----------+--------+ 
| 1  | Ramesh   | 32  | Ahmedabad | 20000  | 
| 9  | robert   | 23  | banglore  | 28000  | 
| 2  | Khilan   | 25  | Delhi     | 15000  | 
| 4  | Chaitali | 25  | Mumbai    | 35000  | 
| 7  | ram      | 25  | chennai   | 23000  | 
| 6  | Komal    | 22  | MP        | 32000  | 
| 8  | ram      | 22  | vizag     | 31000  | 
| 5  | Hardik   | 27  | Bhopal    | 40000  | 
| 3  | kaushik  | 23  | Kota      | 30000  | 
+----+----------+-----+-----------+--------+ 
Fetched 9 row(s) in 0.59s

In the same way, suppose we have another table named employee and its contents are as follows −

[quickstart.cloudera:21000] > select * from employee; 
Query: select * from employee 
+----+---------+-----+---------+--------+ 
| id | name    | age | address | salary | 
+----+---------+-----+---------+--------+ 
| 3  | mahesh  | 54  | Chennai | 55000  | 
| 2  | ramesh  | 44  | Chennai | 50000  | 
| 4  | Rupesh  | 64  | Delhi   | 60000  | 
| 1  | subhash | 34  | Delhi   | 40000  | 
+----+---------+-----+---------+--------+ 
Fetched 4 row(s) in 0.59s

Following is an example of the union clause in Impala. In this example, we arrange the records in both tables in the order of their id’s and limit their number by 3 using two separate queries and joining these queries using the UNION clause.

[quickstart.cloudera:21000] > select * from customers order by id limit 3
 union select * from employee order by id limit 3;

On executing, the above query gives the following output.

Query: select * from customers order by id limit 3 union select 
   * from employee order by id limit 3 
+----+---------+-----+-----------+--------+ 
| id | name    | age | address   | salary | 
+----+---------+-----+-----------+--------+ 
| 2  | Khilan  | 25  | Delhi     | 15000  |
| 3  | mahesh  | 54  | Chennai   | 55000  | 
| 1  | subhash | 34  | Delhi     | 40000  | 
| 2  | ramesh  | 44  | Chennai   | 50000  | 
| 3  | kaushik | 23  | Kota      | 30000  | 
| 1  | Ramesh  | 32  | Ahmedabad | 20000  | 
+----+---------+-----+-----------+--------+ 
Fetched 6 row(s) in 3.11s


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