HTML Canvas Basics

HTMLWeb DevelopmentFront End Technology

To draw canvas on a web page, use the HTML5 canvas element. The <canvas> element allows you to draw graphics using JavaScript. With canvas, draw a line, rectangle, Bezier curves, etc.

Every canvas has two elements that describes the height and width of the canvas i.e. height and width respectively.

With that, you also need set an id for canvas as shown in the below code snippet −

<canvas id = "newCanvas" width = "100" height = "100"></canvas>

Find that <canvas> element in the DOM using getElementById() method −

var canvas = document.getElementById("newCanvas");

To display something on canvas, a script first needs to access the rendering context and draw on it. The <canvas> has a DOM method called getContext to obtain the rendering context and its drawing functions. This function takes one parameter, the type of context2d.

Let us now see an example to draw paths in HTML5 with <canvas> −

Example

 Live Demo

<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
<head>
<style>
   #test {
      width: 100px;
      height:100px;
      margin: 0px auto;
      background-color: orange;
   }
</style>
<script>
   function drawShape() {
      // get the canvas element using the DOM
      var canvas = document.getElementById('mycanvas');
      // Make sure we don't execute when canvas isn't supported
      if (canvas.getContext) {
         // use getContext to use the canvas for drawing
         var ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');
         // Draw shapes
         ctx.beginPath();
         ctx.arc(75,75,50,0,Math.PI*2,true); // Outer circle
         ctx.moveTo(110,75);
         ctx.arc(75,75,35,0,Math.PI,false); // Mouth
         ctx.moveTo(65,65);
         ctx.arc(60,65,5,0,Math.PI*2,true); // Left eye
         ctx.moveTo(95,65);
         ctx.arc(90,65,5,0,Math.PI*2,true); // Right eye
         ctx.stroke();
      } else {
         alert('You need Safari or Firefox 1.5+ to see this demo.');
      }
   }
</script>
</head>
<body id = "test" onload = "drawShape();">
<canvas id = "mycanvas"></canvas>
</body>
</html>

Output

This will produce the following output −

Let us see another example to draw a quadratic curve in HTML5 −

Example

 Live Demo

<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
<head>
<style>
   #test {
      width: 100px;
      height:100px;
      margin: 0px auto;
   }
</style>
<script type>
   function drawShape() {
      // get the canvas element using the DOM
      var canvas = document.getElementById('mycanvas');  
      // Make sure we don't execute when canvas isn't supported
      if (canvas.getContext) {
         // use getContext to use the canvas for drawing
         var ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');
         // Draw shapes
         ctx.beginPath();
         ctx.moveTo(75,25);
         ctx.quadraticCurveTo(25,25,25,62.5);
         ctx.quadraticCurveTo(25,100,50,100);
         ctx.quadraticCurveTo(50,120,30,125);
         ctx.quadraticCurveTo(60,120,65,100);
         ctx.quadraticCurveTo(125,100,125,62.5);
         ctx.quadraticCurveTo(125,25,75,25);
         ctx.stroke();
      } else {
         alert('You need Safari or Firefox 1.5+ to see this demo.');
      }
   }
</script>
</head>
<body id = "test" onload = "drawShape();">
<canvas id = "mycanvas"></canvas>
</body>
</html>

Output

This will produce the following output −

raja
Published on 16-Sep-2019 14:29:54
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