How to update all documents in MongoDB?

MongoDBDatabaseBig Data Analytics

You can use updateMany() to update documents. Let us create a collection with a document. The query to create a collection with a document is as follows −

> db.updateManyDocumentsDemo.insertOne({"StudentName":"John","StudentLastName":"Smith"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c948edd4cf1f7a64fa4df48")
}
> db.updateManyDocumentsDemo.insertOne({"StudentName":"John","StudentLastName":"Doe"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c948ee64cf1f7a64fa4df49")
}
> db.updateManyDocumentsDemo.insertOne({"StudentName":"Carol","StudentLastName":"Taylor"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c948ef14cf1f7a64fa4df4a")
}
> db.updateManyDocumentsDemo.insertOne({"StudentName":"David","StudentLastName":"Miller"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c948f044cf1f7a64fa4df4b")
}

Display all documents from a collection with the help of find() method. The query is as follows −

> db.updateManyDocumentsDemo.find().pretty();

The following is the output −

{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c948edd4cf1f7a64fa4df48"),
   "StudentName" : "John",
   "StudentLastName" : "Smith"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c948ee64cf1f7a64fa4df49"),
   "StudentName" : "John",
   "StudentLastName" : "Doe"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c948ef14cf1f7a64fa4df4a"),
   "StudentName" : "Carol",
   "StudentLastName" : "Taylor"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c948f044cf1f7a64fa4df4b"),
   "StudentName" : "David",
   "StudentLastName" : "Miller"
}

Here is the query to update all documents. The “StudentName” is updated with “StudentFirstName” −

> db.updateManyDocumentsDemo.updateMany({}, {$rename: {'StudentName': "StudentFirstName"}});

The following is the output −

{ "acknowledged" : true, "matchedCount" : 4, "modifiedCount" : 4 }

Check the document has been updated or not. The query is as follows −

> db.updateManyDocumentsDemo.find().pretty();

The following is the output −

{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c948edd4cf1f7a64fa4df48"),
   "StudentLastName" : "Smith",
   "StudentFirstName" : "John"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c948ee64cf1f7a64fa4df49"),
   "StudentLastName" : "Doe",
   "StudentFirstName" : "John"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c948ef14cf1f7a64fa4df4a"),
   "StudentLastName" : "Taylor",
   "StudentFirstName" : "Carol"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c948f044cf1f7a64fa4df4b"),
   "StudentLastName" : "Miller",
   "StudentFirstName" : "David"
}
raja
Published on 01-Apr-2019 12:00:13
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