How to find latest entries in array over all MongoDB documents?

MongoDBDatabaseBig Data Analytics

To find latest entries in array over all document, use aggregate(). Let us create a collection with documents −

> db.demo179.insertOne(
...{
...   "Name":"Chris",
...   "Details": [
...   {
...      "Id":101,
...      "Subject":"MongoDB"
...   },
...   {
...      "Id":102,
...      "Subject":"MySQL"
...   }
...   ]
...}
...);
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5e3980299e4f06af551997f9")
}
> db.demo179.insertOne(
...{
...   "Name":"David",
...   "Details": [
...   {
...      "Id":103,
...      "Subject":"Java"
...   },
...   {
...      "Id":104,
...      "Subject":"C"
...   }
...   ]
...}
...);
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5e39802a9e4f06af551997fa")
}

Display all documents from a collection with the help of find() method −

> db.demo179.find().pretty();

This will produce the following output −

{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5e3980299e4f06af551997f9"),
   "Name" : "Chris",
   "Details" : [
      {
         "Id" : 101,
         "Subject" : "MongoDB"
      },
      {
         "Id" : 102,
         "Subject" : "MySQL"
      }
   ]
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5e39802a9e4f06af551997fa"),
   "Name" : "David",
   "Details" : [
      {
         "Id" : 103,
         "Subject" : "Java"
      },
      {
         "Id" : 104,
         "Subject" : "C"
      }
   ]
}

Following is the query to find latest entries in array over all documents −

> db.demo179.aggregate([
...   { "$unwind": "$Details" },
...   { "$sort": { "Details.Id": -1 }  },
...   { "$limit": 2 },
...   {
...      "$group": {
...         "_id": "$Details.Id",
...         "Name" : { "$first": "$Name" },
...         "Details": { "$push": "$Details" }
...      }
...   },
...   {
...      "$project": {
...         "_id": 0, "Name": 1, "Details": 1
...      }
...   }
...])

This will produce the following output −

{ "Name" : "David", "Details" : [ { "Id" : 103, "Subject" : "Java" } ] }
{ "Name" : "David", "Details" : [ { "Id" : 104, "Subject" : "C" } ] }
raja
Published on 27-Mar-2020 12:17:56
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