How to plot Time Zones in a map in Matplotlib

Let us consider that we have some data in which we have to deal with the actual time. To plot the time-zones on the map, we can use the ‘cartopy’ or ‘metPy’ package in Python. However, we can install ‘cartopy’ package in the Anaconda environment using the commands,

conda install -c conda-forge cartopy


conda install -c conda-forge metpy

Now, let’s see how to plot time zones in a map using Matplotlib.


import numpy as np
import as ccrs
import matplotlib.animation as animation
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

#Defining the plot size and axes
plt.figure(figsize=(10, 9))
ax = plt.axes(projection=ccrs.PlateCarree())

#Apply the color for the natural Earth sourced from cartopy package

#Reading the timezone using ShapelyFeature of Cartopy
shape_feature = ShapelyFeature(Reader('ne_10m_time_zones.shp').geometries(),
   ccrs.PlateCarree(), edgecolor='black')

# Plot the feature on the map
ax.add_feature(shape_feature, alpha=0.4, zorder=5, lw=1)
gl = ax.gridlines(crs=ccrs.PlateCarree(), draw_labels=True,
   linewidth=2, color='gray', alpha=0.5, linestyle='--')

#Apply the gridlines to separate the timezones
gl = ax.gridlines(crs=ccrs.PlateCarree(), draw_labels=True,
   linewidth=2, color='black', alpha=0.5, linestyle='--')

#Turn off all the axes excluding bottom
gl.xlabels_top = False
gl.ylabels_left = False
gl.ylabels_right = False

#Apply fixed locations with the tickable objects
gl.xlocator = mticker.FixedLocator(np.linspace(-180, 180, 25))
gl.xlabel_style = {'size': 10, 'color': 'blue'}
ax.set_title('Global Time Zones', size=15, color='g')

#Display the plots


Running the above code snippet will generate the output as,

Updated on: 23-Feb-2021


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