How to perform parameterization in execution in TestNG?

The parameterization in execution in TestNG can be done by the following ways −

  • data parameterization with @Parameters annotation.

  • data parameterization with @DataProvider annotation.


Testng xml file with @Parameter annotation.

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE suite SYSTEM "" >
<suite name = "Tutorialspoint Test">
   <parameter name = "Url" value=""/>
   <test name = "Regression Cycle 1">
         <class name = "TestParameter" />

We can pass values at runtime to the test methods by defining <parameter > in the testng xml file.


import org.testng.annotations.Parameters;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;
public class TestParameter {
   public void loginwithUrl(String urlname) {
   System.out.println("The value of url is : " + urlname);}

Java class files have @Parameters with (“Url”).


With @DataProvider annotation.

@DataProvider(name = "QuestionSearch")
public Object[][] quest_anssearch(){
   return new Object[][]{
      { “Tutorialspoint” , “Java”},
      { “Python” , “PyCharm”},
@Test(dataProvider = "QuestionSearch ")
public void userInput(String subject, String lang){
   System.out.println("The values are : " + subject +”“+ lang);

We can pass multiple data at runtime with the help of @DataProvider in the Java class file.