How to impute missing values by random value for a single column in R?

R ProgrammingServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

To impute missing values by random value for a single column in R, we can use impute function from Hmisc package.

For example, if we have a data frame called that contains a column say C which has some missing values then we can use the below given command to fill those missing values randomly −

df$C<-with(df,impute(C,"random"))

Example 1

Following snippet creates a sample data frame −

x<-sample(c(NA,2,5),20,replace=TRUE)
df1<-data.frame(x)
df1

The following dataframe is created −

   x
1  NA
2  NA
3   2
4   2
5   2
6  NA
7  NA
8  NA
9   2
10  5
11 NA
12 NA
13 NA
14  2
15  2
16 NA
17  5
18  5
19  5
20 NA

To load Hmisc package and impute missing values in x randomly, add the following code to the above snippet −

library(Hmisc)
df1$x<-with(df1,impute(x,"random"))
df1

Output

If you execute all the above given snippets as a single program, it generates the following output −

   x
1  2
2  5
3  2
4  2
5  2
6  2
7  2
8  5
9  2
10 5
11 2
12 5
13 2
14 2
15 2
16 2
17 5
18 5
19 5
20 2

Example 2

Following snippet creates a sample data frame −

y<-sample(c(NA,rnorm(3)),20,replace=TRUE)
df2<-data.frame(y)
df2

The following dataframe is created −

      y
1   0.1912368
2   0.1912368
3   NA
4   0.1912368
5  -0.8921644
6   NA
7  -0.8921644
8  -0.8921644
9   0.3934629
10  NA
11  NA
12  0.3934629
13  0.1912368
14  0.3934629
15  0.3934629
16  0.1912368
17 -0.8921644
18  0.3934629
19  0.1912368
20  0.1912368

To impute missing values in y randomly, add the following code to the above snippet −

df2$y<-with(df2,impute(y,"random"))
df2

Output

If you execute all the above given snippets as a single program, it generates the following output −

     y
1   0.1912368
2   0.1912368
3   0.1912368
4   0.1912368
5  -0.8921644
6   0.3934629
7  -0.8921644
8  -0.8921644
9   0.3934629
10  0.1912368
11 -0.8921644
12  0.3934629
13  0.1912368
14  0.3934629
15  0.3934629
16  0.1912368
17 -0.8921644
18  0.3934629
19  0.1912368
20  0.1912368
raja
Updated on 11-Nov-2021 08:19:48

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