How to generate XML with nested values ?

OracleSoftware & CodingProgramming

Problem Statement:
You want to generate a complex XML document with nesting values at different levels.

Solution: Oracle has quite a number of functions and procedures for generating XML from regular data. To demonstrate the usage, I will be using the studentdata. We will assume we would like to use the student_id of an student as an XML attribute to the root elementand add detail on fees, specifying the payment period as an attribute, and adding currency details.

Oracle functions XMLROOT, XMLELEMENT, and XMLATTRIBUTE provide full control over the structure of your desired XML.

XMLROOT provides the necessary XML header to turn our results from an XML fragment into a fully formed XML document. XMLROOT when applied results in

<?xml version="1.0"?>

XMLELEMENT works pretty much the same as dbms_output.put_line and a concatenation command. XMLELEMENT outputs the source column together with the provided element name to form XML building blocks for the result. You can string as many calls to XMLELEMENT together as you wish (just as you can concatenate any number of strings), and the expression on which it operates can itself be another call to XMLELEMENT.

XMLATTRIBUTES instruct Oracle to place the given columns or expressions as attributes of the element created by the parent call to XMLELEMENT.

XMLAttributes(student_id as "student_id")

SQL: To genetare a nested XML

SELECT XMLRoot(   XMLElement("student",     XMLAttributes(student_id as "student_id"),     XMLElement("FirstName", first_name),     XMLElement("LastName", last_name),     XMLElement("fees",       XMLAttributes('yearly' as "Period"),       XMLElement("Amount", fees),       XMLElement("Currency", 'USD'))     ),   VERSION '1.0') student_XML FROM  students ;

Output

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<student student_id="100">
  <FirstName>SMITH</FirstName>
  <LastName>JAMES</LastName>
  <fees Period="yearly">
    <Amount>24000</Amount>
    <Currency>USD</Currency>
  </fees>
</student>

Data Preparation: Data used for the problem is shown below. The data is completely made up for demonstration purpose.

Example

DROP TABLE students;
COMMIT;

CREATE TABLE students
    ( student_id     NUMBER(6)
    , first_name     VARCHAR2(20)
    , last_name      VARCHAR2(25) 
    , email          VARCHAR2(40) 
    , phone_number   VARCHAR2(20)
    , join_date      DATE 
    , class_id       VARCHAR2(20)  
    , fees           NUMBER(8,2)
    , professor_id   NUMBER(6)
    , department_id  NUMBER(4) 
    ) ;

Example

CREATE UNIQUE INDEX stu_id_pk ON students (student_id) ;
INSERT INTO students VALUES (100,'SMITH','JAMES','SMITH.JAMES@notreal.com','111.111.1245',TO_DATE('17-06-2003','DD-MM-YYYY'),'INS_CHAIRMAN',24000,NULL,NULL);
INSERT INTO students VALUES (101,'JOHNSON','JOHN','JOHNSON.JOHN@notreal.com','111.111.1246',TO_DATE('21-09-2005','DD-MM-YYYY'),'INS_VP',17000,100,90);
INSERT INTO students VALUES (102,'WILLIAMS','ROBERT','WILLIAMS.ROBERT@notreal.com','111.111.1247',TO_DATE('13-01-2001','DD-MM-YYYY'),'INS_VP',17000,100,90);
INSERT INTO students VALUES (103,'BROWN','MICHAEL','BROWN.MICHAEL@notreal.com','111.111.1248',TO_DATE('03-01-2006','DD-MM-YYYY'),'INS_STAFF',9000,102,60);
INSERT INTO students VALUES (104,'JONES','WILLIAM','JONES.WILLIAM@notreal.com','111.111.1249',TO_DATE('21-05-2007','DD-MM-YYYY'),'INS_STAFF',6000,103,60);
INSERT INTO students VALUES (105,'MILLER','DAVID','MILLER.DAVID@notreal.com','111.111.1250',TO_DATE('25-06-2005','DD-MM-YYYY'),'INS_STAFF',4800,103,60);
INSERT INTO students VALUES (106,'DAVIS','RICHARD','DAVIS.RICHARD@notreal.com','111.111.1251',TO_DATE('05-02-2006','DD-MM-YYYY'),'INS_STAFF',4800,103,60);
INSERT INTO students VALUES (107,'GARCIA','CHARLES','GARCIA.CHARLES@notreal.com','111.111.1252',TO_DATE('07-02-2007','DD-MM-YYYY'),'INS_STAFF',4200,103,60);
INSERT INTO students VALUES (108,'RODRIGUEZ','JOSEPH','RODRIGUEZ.JOSEPH@notreal.com','111.111.1253',TO_DATE('17-08-2002','DD-MM-YYYY'),'CL_PHY',12008,101,100);
INSERT INTO students VALUES (109,'WILSON','THOMAS','WILSON.THOMAS@notreal.com','111.111.1254',TO_DATE('16-08-2002','DD-MM-YYYY'),'CL_MATH',9000,108,100);
INSERT INTO students VALUES (110,'MARTINEZ','CHRISTOPHER','MARTINEZ.CHRISTOPHER@notreal.com','111.111.1255',TO_DATE('28-09-2005','DD-MM-YYYY'),'CL_MATH',8200,108,100);
INSERT INTO students VALUES (111,'ANDERSON','DANIEL','ANDERSON.DANIEL@notreal.com','111.111.1256',TO_DATE('30-09-2005','DD-MM-YYYY'),'CL_MATH',7700,108,100);
INSERT INTO students VALUES (112,'TAYLOR','PAUL','TAYLOR.PAUL@notreal.com','111.111.1257',TO_DATE('07-03-2006','DD-MM-YYYY'),'CL_MATH',7800,108,100);
INSERT INTO students VALUES (113,'THOMAS','MARK','THOMAS.MARK@notreal.com','111.111.1258',TO_DATE('07-12-2007','DD-MM-YYYY'),'CL_MATH',6900,108,100);

COMMIT;
raja
Published on 04-Dec-2020 15:13:13
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