# How to find the unique rows in an R data frame?

A unique row in an R data frame means that all the elements in that row are not repeated with the same combination in the whole data frame. In simple words, we can say that if we have a data frame called df that contains 3 columns and 5 rows then all the values in a particular row are not repeated for any other row. The search of this type of rows might be required when we have a lot of duplicate rows in our data set. To do this, we can use group_by_all function of dplyr package as shown in the below examples.

## Example1

Consider the below data frame −

Live Demo

> x1<-rpois(20,1)
> x2<-rpois(20,1)
> x3<-rpois(20,1)
> df1<-data.frame(x1,x2,x3)
> df1

## Output

   x1 x2 x3
1  1  0  2
2  2  1  2
3  1  0  1
4  0  1  0
5  0  0  1
6  1  1  1
7  0  0  0
8  0  1  1
9  0  0  0
10 1  0  1
11 2  2  2
12 1  2  1
13 2  0  2
14 0  1  0
15 0  1  1
16 1  0  1
17 0  0  2
18 1  1  1
19 4  2  0
20 2  2  0

> library(dplyr)
> df1%>%group_by_all%>%count
# A tibble: 14 x 4
# Groups: x1, x2, x3 [14]

## Output

    x1    x2    x3    n
<int> <int> <int> <int>
1   0     0     0     2
2   0     0     1     1
3   0     0     2     1
4   0     1     0     2
5   0     1     1     2
6   1     0     1     3
7   1     0     2     1
8   1     1     1     2
9   1     2     1     1
10  2     0     2     1
11  2     1     2     1
12  2     2     0     1
13  2     2     2     1
14  4     2     0     1

## Example2

Live Demo

> y1<-sample(c("Yes","No"),20,replace=TRUE)
> y2<-sample(c("Yes","No"),20,replace=TRUE)
> df2<-data.frame(y1,y2)
> df2

## Output

  y1   y2
1 No   Yes
2 No   Yes
3 No   No
4 Yes  No
5 No   No
6 Yes  Yes
7 No   No
8 Yes  Yes
9 No   No
10 No  No
11 No  Yes
12 No  Yes
13 Yes No
14 No  Yes
15 No  No
16 Yes No
17 Yes No
18 No  Yes
19 No  Yes
20 Yes No

Finding unique rows in df2 −

> df2%>%group_by_all%>%count
# A tibble: 4 x 3
# Groups: y1, y2 [4]

## Output

   y1      y2     n
<int>  <int> <int>
1  No     No     6
2  No     Yes    7
3  Yes    No     5
4  Yes    Yes    2

## Example3

Live Demo

> z1<-sample(1:4,20,replace=TRUE)
> z2<-sample(1:4,20,replace=TRUE)
> df3<-data.frame(z1,z2)
> df3

## Output

  z1 z2
1  1 4
2  2 3
3  1 4
4  1 3
5  4 3
6  2 3
7  3 2
8  1 3
9  1 3
10 1 4
11 4 1
12 2 1
13 4 4
14 4 4
15 3 3
16 4 2
17 4 1
18 4 2
19 2 1
20 1 3

Finding unique rows in df3 −

> df3%>%group_by_all%>%count
# A tibble: 10 x 3
# Groups: z1, z2 [10]
z1 z2 n

## Output

  <int> <int> <int>
1   1     3     4
2   1     4     3
3   2     1     2
4   2     3     2
5   3     2     1
6   3     3     1
7   4     1     2
8   4     2     2
9   4     3     1
10  4     4     2

Updated on: 04-Mar-2021

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