How to convert a colored image to Sepia image using Java OpenCV library?

Algorithm to convert a colored image to sepia −

  • Get the red green blue values of each pixel

  • Get the average of these 3 colors.

  • Define the depth and intensity values (ideally 20, and 30).

  • Modify the values as −

    • red = red + (depth*2).

    • Green = green +depth.

    • blue = blue-intensity.

  • Make sure that the modified values are between 0 to 255.

  • Create a new pixel value from the modified colors and set the new value to the pixel.

Implementation in Java

  • Read the required image using method.

  • Get the height and width of the image.

  • Using nested for loops traverse through each pixel in the image.

  • Get the pixel value using the getRGB() method.

  • Create a Color object by passing the above-retrieved pixel value as parameter.

  • Get the red, green, blue values from the color object using the getRed(), getGreen() and getBlue() methods respectively.

  • Calculate the new red, green and blue values as specified in the algorithm.

  • Create a new pixel with the modified RGB values.

  • Set the new pixel value(s) using the setRGB() method.


import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
public class Color2Sepia {
   public static void main(String args[])throws IOException {
      //Reading the image
      File file= new File("D:\Images\cuba.jpg");
      BufferedImage img =;
      for (int y = 0; y < img.getHeight(); y++) {
         for (int x = 0; x < img.getWidth(); x++) {
            //Retrieving the values of a pixel
            int pixel = img.getRGB(x,y);
            //Creating a Color object from pixel value
            Color color = new Color(pixel, true);
            //Retrieving the R G B values
            int red = color.getRed();
            int green = color.getGreen();
            int blue = color.getBlue();
            int avg = (red+green+blue)/3;
            int depth = 20;
            int intensity = 30;
            red= avg+(depth*2);
            green = avg+depth;
            blue = avg-intensity;
            //Making sure that RGB values lies between 0-255
            if (red > 255)red = 255;
            if (green > 255)green = 255;
            if (blue > 255)blue = 255;
            if (blue<0)blue=0;
            //Creating new Color object
            color = new Color(red, green, blue);
            //Setting new Color object to the image
            img.setRGB(x, y, color.getRGB());
      //Saving the modified image
      file = new File("D:\Images\sepia_image2.jpg");
      ImageIO.write(img, "jpg", file);



Updated on: 09-Apr-2020


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