HiveQL - Select-Group By


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This chapter explains the details of GROUP BY clause in a SELECT statement. The GROUP BY clause is used to group all the records in a result set using a particular collection column. It is used to query a group of records.

Syntax

The syntax of GROUP BY clause is as follows:

SELECT [ALL | DISTINCT] select_expr, select_expr, ... 
FROM table_reference 
[WHERE where_condition] 
[GROUP BY col_list] 
[HAVING having_condition] 
[ORDER BY col_list]] 
[LIMIT number];

Example

Let us take an example of SELECT…GROUP BY clause. Assume employee table as given below, with Id, Name, Salary, Designation, and Dept fields. Generate a query to retrieve the number of employees in each department.

+------+--------------+-------------+-------------------+--------+ 
| ID   | Name         | Salary      | Designation       | Dept   |
+------+--------------+-------------+-------------------+--------+ 
|1201  | Gopal        | 45000       | Technical manager | TP     | 
|1202  | Manisha      | 45000       | Proofreader       | PR     | 
|1203  | Masthanvali  | 40000       | Technical writer  | TP     | 
|1204  | Krian        | 45000       | Proofreader       | PR     | 
|1205  | Kranthi      | 30000       | Op Admin          | Admin  |
+------+--------------+-------------+-------------------+--------+

The following query retrieves the employee details using the above scenario.

hive> SELECT Dept,count(*) FROM employee GROUP BY DEPT;

On successful execution of the query, you get to see the following response:

+------+--------------+ 
| Dept | Count(*)     | 
+------+--------------+ 
|Admin |    1         | 
|PR    |    2         | 
|TP    |    3         | 
+------+--------------+

JDBC Program

Given below is the JDBC program to apply the Group By clause for the given example.

import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.sql.DriverManager;

public class HiveQLGroupBy {
   private static String driverName = "org.apache.hadoop.hive.jdbc.HiveDriver";
   
   public static void main(String[] args) throws SQLException {
   
      // Register driver and create driver instance
      Class.forName(driverName);
      
      // get connection
      Connection con = DriverManager.
      getConnection("jdbc:hive://localhost:10000/userdb", "", "");
      
      // create statement
      Statement stmt = con.createStatement();
      
      // execute statement
      Resultset res = stmt.executeQuery(“SELECT Dept,count(*) ” + “FROM employee GROUP BY DEPT; ”);
      System.out.println(" Dept \t count(*)");
      
      while (res.next()) {
         System.out.println(res.getString(1) + " " + res.getInt(2)); 
      }
      con.close();
   }
}

Save the program in a file named HiveQLGroupBy.java. Use the following commands to compile and execute this program.

$ javac HiveQLGroupBy.java
$ java HiveQLGroupBy

Output:

 Dept     Count(*)
 Admin       1
 PR          2
 TP          3


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