Hive - Create Database


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Hive is a database technology that can define databases and tables to analyze structured data. The theme for structured data analysis is to store the data in a tabular manner, and pass queries to analyze it. This chapter explains how to create Hive database. Hive contains a default database named default.

Create Database Statement

Create Database is a statement used to create a database in Hive. A database in Hive is a namespace or a collection of tables. The syntax for this statement is as follows:

CREATE DATABASE|SCHEMA [IF NOT EXISTS] <database name>

Here, IF NOT EXISTS is an optional clause, which notifies the user that a database with the same name already exists. We can use SCHEMA in place of DATABASE in this command. The following query is executed to create a database named userdb:

hive> CREATE DATABASE [IF NOT EXISTS] userdb;

or

hive> CREATE SCHEMA userdb;

The following query is used to verify a databases list:

hive> SHOW DATABASES;
default
userdb

JDBC Program

The JDBC program to create a database is given below.

import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.sql.DriverManager;

public class HiveCreateDb {
   private static String driverName = "org.apache.hadoop.hive.jdbc.HiveDriver";
   
   public static void main(String[] args) throws SQLException {
      // Register driver and create driver instance
   
      Class.forName(driverName);
      // get connection
      
      Connection con = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:hive://localhost:10000/default", "", "");
      Statement stmt = con.createStatement();
      
      stmt.executeQuery("CREATE DATABASE userdb");
      System.out.println(“Database userdb created successfully.”);
      
      con.close();
   }
}

Save the program in a file named HiveCreateDb.java. The following commands are used to compile and execute this program.

$ javac HiveCreateDb.java
$ java HiveCreateDb

Output:

Database userdb created successfully.


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