F# - Program Structure

F# is a Functional Programming language.

In F#, functions work like data types. You can declare and use a function in the same way like any other variable.

In general, an F# application does not have any specific entry point. The compiler executes all top-level statements in the file from top to bottom.

However, to follow procedural programming style, many applications keep a single top level statement that calls the main loop.

The following code shows a simple F# program −

open System
(* This is a multi-line comment *)
// This is a single-line comment

let sign num =
   if num > 0 then "positive"
   elif num < 0 then "negative"
   else "zero"

let main() =
   Console.WriteLine("sign 5: {0}", (sign 5))


When you compile and execute the program, it yields the following output −

sign 5: positive

Please note that −

  • An F# code file might begin with a number of open statements that is used to import namespaces.

  • The body of the files includes other functions that implement the business logic of the application.

  • The main loop contains the top executable statements.