Form the largest number using at most one swap operation C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

In this problem, we are given a positive integer. Our task is to create a program to form the largest number using at most one swap operation.

We will be creating a new number using the digits of the existing number.

The largest number formed can have only one digit swapped from the existing number.

Let’s take an example to understand the problem

Input: n = 63512
Output: 65312

Solution Approach

One method to solve the problem is by finding all the numbers created by swapping pair of digits of the given number. Out of all these swapped digit numbers, the largest one is returned. For this, we will convert the number to string and swap positions.

Example

Program to illustrate the working of our solution

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int findLargestNumSwapDig(int N){

   string strNum = to_string(N);
   string temp = strNum;
   for (int i = 0; i < strNum.size(); i++) {
      for (int j = i + 1; j < strNum.size(); j++) {
         swap(strNum[i], strNum[j]);
         if (stoi(strNum) > stoi(temp))
            temp = strNum;
         swap(strNum[i], strNum[j]);
      }
   }
   return stoi(temp);
}
int main(){
   int num = 792156;
   cout<<"The number is "<<num<<endl;
   cout<<"The largest number created by swapping one digit is "<<findLargestNumSwapDig(num) << endl;
   return 0;
}

Output

The number is 792156
The largest number created by swapping one digit is972156

Another approach

One more approach to solve the problem is by finding the swap which contributes to the largest possible number. For this, we will scan the number from left to right. And then swap the first pairs form which the next digit is greater than the previous digit. This swap will result in the largest number.

Example

Program to illustrate the working of our solution

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int findLargestNumSwapDig(int N){

   int currMaxDig = -1;
   int currMaxInd = -1;
   int lSwap = -1;
   int rSwap = -1;

   string strNum = to_string(N);
   for (int i = strNum.size() - 1; i >= 0; i--) {

      if (strNum[i] > currMaxDig) {
         currMaxDig = strNum[i];
         currMaxInd = i;
         continue;
      }
      if (strNum[i] < currMaxDig) {
         lSwap = i;
         rSwap = currMaxInd;
      }
   }
   if (lSwap == -1)
      return N;
   swap(strNum[lSwap], strNum[rSwap]);
   return stoi(strNum);
}
int main(){
   int num = 792156;
   cout<<"The number is "<<num<<endl;
   cout<<"The largest number created by swapping one digit is "<<findLargestNumSwapDig(num) << endl;
   return 0;
}

Output

The number is 792156
The largest number created by swapping one digit is972156
raja
Updated on 01-Feb-2022 09:15:48

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