Largest permutation after at most k swaps in C++

In this tutorial, we are going to write a program that finds the largest permutation after at most k swaps.

Let's see the steps to solve the problem.

• Initialise the array.
• Initialise an array to store the index with size n + 1.
• Iterate over the array and store the index of each element in the position array.
• Write a loop that iterate till n and k is greater than 0.
• Store the position of n - i element in a temp variable.
• Update position of current element arr[i] with position[n - i].
• Update the position position[n - i] with current index i.
• Swap the current element arr[i] with arr[temp. Decrement k.
• Print the array elements.

Example

Let's see the code.

Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
void getLargestPermutation(int arr[], int n, int k) {
int position[n + 1];
for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
position[arr[i]] = i;
}
for (int i = 0; i < n && k; ++i) {
if (arr[i] == n - i) {
continue;
}
int temp = position[n - i];
position[arr[i]] = position[n - i];
position[n - i] = i;
swap(arr[temp], arr[i]);
--k;
}
}
int main() {
int arr[] = { 5, 3, 2, 6, 7, 1, 4 };
int n = 7, k = 3;
getLargestPermutation(arr, n, k);
for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
cout << arr[i];
}
cout << endl;
return 0;
}

Output

If you run the above code, then you will get the following result.

7653214

Conclusion

If you have any queries in the tutorial, mention them in the comment section.