Food & Beverage Services - Use Of Cutlery

Cutlery comprises of any hand-held implement for eating or serving food. It includes various spoons, forks, knives, and tongs. It is also called silverware or flatware. Cutlery is made of metals like stainless steel or silver.

In modern days, cutlery has come up in wonderful combinations — spife (spoon + knife), spork (spoon + fork), and knork (knife + fork).

Types of Spoons, Forks, and Knives

There are different types of spoons for serving or eating different kinds of food. The forks often accompany spoons or help independently to pick food bites. The knives are used to portion the food.

  • Dinner Spoon (Table Spoon) − It has elongated round cup. It is used to eat main course food items. It can pick up just the right amount of rice, stew, or curry. It is always paired with a fork (with four tines) of the same length or a dessert knife.

  • Dessert Spoon, Dessert Knife, and Dessert Fork − These are smaller than their main course peers and are used to have desserts.

  • Soup Spoon − It has a round cup bigger than that of the table spoon. It is as long as a dinner spoon.

  • Tea/Coffee Spoons − These are smaller than the dessert spoon in length and size of cup. We use these spoons to stir tea or coffee.

  • Sugar Spoon − It has a flower shaped round cup. It is used to take sugar from sugar bowl of tea set.

  • Ice Cream Spoon − It is a small spoon with flat rim that can help to cut the right amount of ice cream. It can come in small, medium, and large sizes according to the quantity of the ice cream served and the size of the bowl.

  • Cocktail (Soda) Spoon − It is a drink spoon with a long handle that helps the spoon to reach the bottom of a tall glass.

  • Butter knife − It has short rectangular blade that is sharp on the lower side to form an edge. It is useful in cutting semi-firm pieces of butter and apply them on food items such as breads.

  • Salad Spoon − It is always used in pair with salad fork. It helps mixing and serving salad efficiently.

  • Serving Spoon − It is a spoon with large round cup designed to serve stews and rice.

  • Deli (Fruit) Fork − has two tines. It helps to pick thinly sliced food such as slices of fruits.

  • Roast Fork − It is the largest fork. It has longer and stronger tines that help to hold and pick large meat or vegetable pieces.

  • Cake Knife − It is a flat, elongated triangle-shaped knife and is used to cut pieces of cake and handle it smoothly.

Types of Glasses

The glasses and tumblers come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. They are either footed with stem or non-footed. They can also be high-ball or low-ball. Some of the widely used shapes are −

  • Cooler − It is used to serve welcome drinks or appetizers.

  • Flute − It is a glass with a long cup and is mainly used to serve champagne.

  • Goblet − It is a round glass with or without stem. The goblets with stem are used to serve wines and brandy. A non-footed version is used to serve whisky.

  • Margarita − It is a variant of goblet with a wide round dish-like cup. Margarita is used as a cocktail, mocktail, or a sorbet glass.

  • Mug − It is used to serve beers.

  • Nonic Glass − It is a tall glass with a broad rim. It is used to serve beers.

  • Pilsner − It is a high-ball glass used to serve cold coffee, iced tea, juices, and beer. A pilsner can support beers or aerated drinks gracefully.

  • Pint − It is a glass used to pour distilled alcohol into other glasses.

  • Shot Glass − It is a small glass used to consume fermented or distilled alcohol directly. It can also be used to pour distilled alcohol into other glasses for mixing with water or sparkling water.

  • Snifter − It is used to serve spirits.

  • Thistle Glass − Its silhouette is shaped like a thistle flower. These glasses have tapered broad rims with round cups attached to a stem and disk. It is used to serve ales and aerated drinks.

  • Tulip Glass − It is used to serve beer, cocktail, or mocktail.