Food and Beverage Services - Beverages


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Beverage is any liquid consumed by humans for quenching thirst, or merely for pleasure. Beverages come in various types −

Non-Alcoholic Beverages

There are two types of non-alcoholic beverages.

Hot Beverages

These are served hot. Hot beverages typically include tea, masala tea (spiced tea), milk, hot chocolate, and variants of coffee such as expresso, latte, and cappuccino.

Non Alcoholic Beverages

Cold Beverages

These are served and consumed while chilled. Cold beverages include juices, mocktails, coolers, cold versions of tea and coffee, milkshakes, carbonated drinks, mocktails, and sherbets. The following beverages are famous in countries like India −

  • Buttermilk with a dash of powdered cumin seeds and salt.

  • Aam Panna, a sweet and sour raw mango juice with a dash of cardamom in it.

  • Tender coconut water locally called Nariyal-Pani.

  • Sol Kadhi, thin coconut milk flavored with Kokum and ginger-garlic-chili paste.

There are a few cold beverages which come as cocktails and are prepared using alcohol.

Alcoholic Beverages

These are served cold. Alcoholic beverages are intoxicating and contain ethanol, commonly known as alcohol. Such beverages need to undergo fermentation and distillation to generate alcohol contents. The percentage of alcohol varies in the range of 0.5% to 95% depending upon the methods of fermentation and distillation.

  • Wine, Cider, Perry, and Champaign are fermented alcohols.

  • Beer, ale, and lager are fermented and brewed alcohols.

  • Gin, Vodka, Whisky, Rum, Brandy, and Tequila are distilled alcohols.

Alcoholic Beverages

If a beverage contains at least 20% Alcohol by Volume (ABV), it is called spirit. Liquors are similar to spirits. The only difference is that liquors come with added sweetness and flavoring. Liquors and spirits, both are strong alcoholic beverages. The following are a few most popular alcoholic beverages −

Beverage Process/ Raw Material Origin Alcohol by Volume (ABV in %)
Beer Beer is obtained by fermenting liquid mixture of cereals such as corn, rye, wheat, barley and yeast. Throughout the world. 5 – 10
Brandy Brandy is obtained by distilling the fermented fruit juices. 40 – 50
Gin Gin is obtained by distilling the fermented juice of Juniper berries with water. Holland 40 – 50
Rum Rum is obtained by fermenting Sugarcane juice or Molasses for at least three years. Central/South America 40 – 55
Tequila Tequila is obtained by distilling fermented juices of Blue Agave plants. Mexico 40 - 50
Vodka Vodka is prepared by distilling starch or sugar-rich plant matter. Russia 35 - 50
Whisky Whisky is prepared by distilling fermented juice of cereal grains. Scotland 40 - 55
Wines Wines are obtained from fruits such as grapes, peaches, plums, apricots, pomegranate. The fruits are crushed and fermented in large containers. France/ South Africa/India 5 - 20

Due to the unwanted side effects of alcohol on consumer and the society, it is the responsibility of food and beverage service staff to verify the young customer’s age before serving alcoholic beverages.



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