Flexbox - Align Items


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The align-items property is same as justify content. But here, the items were aligned across the cross access (vertically).

Usage

align-items: flex-start | flex-end | center | baseline | stretch;

This property accepts the following values −

  • flex-start − The flex items were aligned vertically at the top of the container.

  • flex-end − The flex items were aligned vertically at the bottom of the container.

  • flex-center − The flex items were aligned vertically at the center of the container.

  • stretch − The flex items were aligned vertically such that they fill up the whole vertical space of the container.

  • baseline − The flex items were aligned such that the baseline of their text align along a horizontal line.

flex-start

On passing this value to the property align-items, the flex items were aligned vertically at the top of the container.

Align Start

The following example demonstrates the result of passing the value flex-start to the align-items property.

Live Demo
<!doctype html>
<html lang = "en">
   <style>
      .box1{background:green;}
      .box2{background:blue;}
      .box3{background:red;}
      .box4{background:magenta;}
      .box5{background:yellow;}
      .box6{background:pink;}
      
      .box{
         font-size:35px;
         padding:15px;
      }
      .container{
         display:flex;
         height:100vh;
         align-items:flex-start;
      }
   </style>
   
   <body>
      <div class = "container">
         <div class = "box box1">One</div>
         <div class = "box box2">two</div>
         <div class = "box box3">three</div>
         <div class = "box box4">four</div>
         <div class = "box box5">five</div>
         <div class = "box box6">six</div>
      </div>
   </body>
</html>

It will produce the following result −

flex-end

On passing this value to the property align-items, the flex-items are aligned vertically at the bottom of the container.

Align End

The following example demonstrates the result of passing the value flex-end to the align-items property.

Live Demo
<!doctype html>
<html lang = "en">
   <style>
      .box1{background:green;}
      .box2{background:blue;}
      .box3{background:red;}
      .box4{background:magenta;}
      .box5{background:yellow;}
      .box6{background:pink;}
      
      .box{
         font-size:35px;
         padding:15px;
      }
      .container{
         display:flex;
         height:100vh;
         align-items:flex-end;
      }
   </style>
   
   <body>
      <div class = "container">
         <div class = "box box1">One</div>
         <div class = "box box2">two</div>
         <div class = "box box3">three</div>
         <div class = "box box4">four</div>
         <div class = "box box5">five</div>
         <div class = "box box6">six</div>
      </div>
   </body>
</html>

It will produce the following result −

center

On passing this value to the property align-items, the flex-items are aligned vertically at the center of the container.

Align Center

The following example demonstrates the result of passing the value flex-center to the align-items property.

Live Demo
<!doctype html>
<html lang = "en">
   <style>
      .box1{background:green;}
      .box2{background:blue;}
      .box3{background:red;}
      .box4{background:magenta;}
      .box5{background:yellow;}
      .box6{background:pink;}
      
      .box{
         font-size:35px;
         padding:15px;
      }
      .container{
         display:flex;
         height:100vh;
         align-items:center;
      }
   </style>
   
   <body>
      <div class = "container">
         <div class = "box box1">One</div>
         <div class = "box box2">two</div>
         <div class = "box box3">three</div>
         <div class = "box box4">four</div>
         <div class = "box box5">five</div>
         <div class = "box box6">six</div>
      </div>
   </body>
</html>

It will produce the following result −

stretch

On passing this value to the property align-items, the flex-items are aligned vertically such that they fill up the whole vertical space of the container.

Align Stretch

The following example demonstrates the result of passing the value stretch to the align-items property.

Live Demo
<!doctype html>
<html lang = "en">
   <style>
      .box1{background:green;}
      .box2{background:blue;}
      .box3{background:red;}
      .box4{background:magenta;}
      .box5{background:yellow;}
      .box6{background:pink;}
      
      .box{
         font-size:35px;
         padding:15px;
      }
      .container{
         display:flex;
         height:100vh;
         align-items:stretch;
      }
   </style>
   
   <body>
      <div class = "container">
         <div class = "box box1">One</div>
         <div class = "box box2">two</div>
         <div class = "box box3">three</div>
         <div class = "box box4">four</div>
         <div class = "box box5">five</div>
         <div class = "box box6">six</div>
      </div>
   </body>
</html>

It will produce the following result −

baseline

On passing this value to the property align-items, the flex-items are aligned such that the baseline of their text align along a horizontal line.

The following example demonstrates the result of passing the value baseline to the align-items property.

Live Demo
<!doctype html>
<html lang = "en">
   <style>
      .box1{background:green;}
      .box2{background:blue;}
      .box3{background:red;}
      .box4{background:magenta;}
      .box5{background:yellow;}
      .box6{background:pink;}
      
      .box{
         font-size:35px;
         padding:15px;
      }
      .container{
         display:flex;
         height:100vh;
         align-items:baseline;
      }
   </style>
   
   <body>
      <div class = "container">
      <div class = "box box1">One</div>
      <div class = "box box2">two</div>
      <div class = "box box3">three</div>
      <div class = "box box4">four</div>
      <div class = "box box5">five</div>
      <div class = "box box6">six</div>
      </div>
   </body>
</html>

It will produce the following result −



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